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Wednesday, 12 October 2016

Important Disease Names for Competitive Exams

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Hello Readers. In this "Disease Names" OR Important Disease Names for Competitive Exams article you learn about various types of disease in Human Body. This topic is important in every competitive exams in General Science section. A medical condition is a broad term that includes all diseases and disorders. A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism.

Need a list of common diseases? The most common illnesses are listed here by name, including information about their symptoms. Health information and resources, for yourself or someone you care about, on common diseases and illnesses. They include the most common communicable diseases and and common infectious diseases. The following is a list of the most common infectious diseases throughout the world today. Most common bacterial diseases and common viral diseases can be gotten over quickly or treated medically by a doctor. 


Type of DiseaseExamples
Congenital diseasesHare lip, club foot, mongolism, spastic paraplegia
Hereditary diseasesHaemophilia, albinism
Dietary deficiency diseasesScurvy, rickets, beri-beri, anaemia
Hormonal diseasesGoitre, diabetes mellitus, acromegaly, dwarfism
Infectious diseases(VIRAL)AIDS, chicken pox. Common cold, german measles, influenza, jaundice, measles, mumps, poliomyelitis, rabies, dengue fever
Infectious diseases(BACTERIAL)Cholera. Whooping cough, diptheria, gonorrhoea, leprosy, pneumonia, syphilis, tetanus, typhoid, tuberculosis, plague
Infectious diseases(FUNGAL)Ringworm, atheletes’ foot, thrush
Infectious diseases(PROTOZOAN)Malaria, amoebic dysentery, sleeping sickness, kala-azar
Infectious diseases(WORMS)Filaria, tapeworm, pinworm
Degenerative diseasesGraying of hair, baldness, presbyopia, cataract, osteoarthritis, Parkinson’s disease, arteriosclerosis
Immunological diseasesHay fever, asthma, rheumatoid, arthritis, nettle rash
Neoplastic diseasesWarts, moles, cancer

Deficiency Diseases
Name of the diseaseLinked with the deficiency of
Night BlindnessVitamin A
Beri BeriVitamin B
ScurvyVitamin C
RicketsVitamin D
SterilityVitamin E
Impaired blood clottingVitamin K
AnaemiaIron
OsteoporosisCalcium
GoitreIodine
KwashiorkorProtein

Alternative Names of Diseases
Common NameAlternative Name
LeprosyHansen's disease
Heart AttackMyocardial infarction
RabiesHydrophobia
Blood CancerLeukemia
BaldnessAlopecia
Whooping CoughPertussis
Short-sightMyopia
Long-sightHypermetropia



Rare Disorders/Conditions
DisorderFeature
Parkinson's DiseaseIt is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that impairs motor skills, cognitive processes, and other functions.
Alzheimer's DiseaseIt is form of dementia characterised by loss of memory, thinking, and changes in behavior.
Down's SyndromeAlso called Trisomy 21, it is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically.
Korsakoff's SyndromeIt is a neurological disorder caused by the lack of thiamine (vitamin B1) in the brain.
BulimiaIt is an eating disorder characterized by restraining of food intake for a period of time followed by an over intake or binging period that results in feelings of guilt and low self-esteem.
AnorexiaIt is an eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and an obsessive fear of gaining weight, often coupled with a distorted self image
ProgeriaIt is an extremely rare genetic condition wherein symptoms resembling aspects of aging are manifested at an early age.
DyslexiaIt is a developmental reading disorder resulting from the inability to process graphic symbols.


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