Monday, 25 July 2016

Static GK. Important Places GK for SBI/IBPS/SSC/Railway Exams

Static GK. Important Places GK for SBI/IBPS/SSC/Railway Exams : Important Landmarks, Architectures, Monuments, Buildings, Towns and Places List.

Here you can get General Knowledge Famous Places in India questions and answers with explanation. Meritmock provides you lots of fully solved General Knowledge ('Famous Places in India') questions and answers with Explanation.

Readers, this is must know static GK for Bank competitive examinations. These notes are similar helpful for SSC, RRB NTPC and SBI exams.

Abu, Mt. : 
(Rajasthan) hill station on the Aravalli Range; sacred centre of Jain worshippers, Dilwara temples

Adam’s Bridge : 
Very nearly joined to India between Mannar Pennsula and Danushkodi by a line of sand banks and rocks called ‘Adam’s Bridge’.

Aga Khan Palace : 
In Pune where Mahatma Gandhi was kept interned with his wife Kasturba Gandhi. Kasturba died in this palace.

Ajantha Caves : 
Located near Aurangabad, famous for wonderful Buddhist cave temples richly ornamented with
sculpture and carved with paintings.

(Rajasthan) Pilgrim centre for Muslims; tomb of Khwaja Muin-ud-din chisti.

Allahabad : 
(Prayag) is a city in Uttar Pradesh situated at the confulence of the Ganga and the Jamuna. Kumbha
Mela (religious fair of the Hindus) is held here once in every 12 years.

Amarnath : 
Situated at a height of about 4054 metres in Kashmir. It is a place of pilgrimage for the Hindus.

Amber Palace : 
Deserted capital near Jaipur (Rajasthan) containing the finest specimens of Rajput architecture.

Amritsar : 
(Punjab) on the north-west border or India; Golden Temple; Jallianwala Bagh tragedy on April 13, 1919.

Aurangabad : 
One of the important towns of Maharashtra State; tomb of Emperor Aurangzeb and of his wife. Ellora
and Ajanta Caves are reached from here.

Auroville : 
It is an international township constructed in Pondicherry with the help of UNESCO.

Avadi : 
Near Chennai in Tamil Nadu. Government owned Heavy vehicles factory. ‘Vijayanta’ and ‘Ajit’ tanks are manufactured here.

Badrinath : 
Himalayas; Place of pilgrimage for the Hindus near Gangortri Glacier.

Baroda : 
Capital of the former Baroda State is known for Laxmi Vilas Palace which is one of the most beautiful palaces in India.

Belur Math : 
It is monastery near Calcutta in West Bengal founded by Swami Vivekananda. A beautiful temple
dedicated to Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.

Buddha-Gaya : 
It is situated 10 km south of Gaya in Bihar State on the river bank of Lilajan and famous as the place
where Buddha got enlightenment. There are modern monasteries, rest houses and museum.

Calcutta : 
West Bengal Government re-christened Calcutta as Kolkata with effect from January 1, 2001. Siliguri has been renamed as Shilliguri.

Cape Comorin : 
also called Kanya Kumari in Tamil Nadu, where Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal meet the Indian
Ocean. It gives a beautiful view of sun-set and sun-rise.

Chennai : 
Capital of Tamil Nadu is the third largest city in India. Known for Fort St.George, Light House, St.Thomas Mount, Integral Coach Factory, Adyar (the headquarters of the Theosophical Society).

Chidambaram : 
Famous for its great Hindu Siva temple, dedicated to Nataraja or Siva in his aspect of ‘Cosmic dance’. Annamalai University is located here.

Chittorgarh : 
Ancient capital and fortress of Udaipur; known for Tower of Victory and Mira Bai’s Temple.

Dakshineswar : 
8 Kns from Calcutta where Vivekananda was initiated into religious life by Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.

Dandi : 
famous for Salt Satyagraha (Dandi March) by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930.

Digboi : 
(Assam) is known for rich oil-fields.

Dilwara Temples : 
near Mount Abu (Rajasthan) are five Hindu Temples constructed here between 11th and 13th century A.D.

Eagle’s Nest : 
Name given to the historic fort at Raigarh in Kolaba district of Maharashtra where 300 years ago,
Chatrapati Shivaji, the great warrior-statesman, was crowned.

Elephanta : 
an Island in Mumbai harbour - famous for rock-cut temples.

Ellor and Ajantha : 
famous for wonderful Buddhist cave temples richly ornamented with sulpture and carved with

Ernakulam : 
in Kerala State is famous for its backwaters.

Fatehpur Sikri : 
32 km from Agra; city built by Emperor Akbar in 1569, now deserted.

Gateway of India : 
in Mumbai harbour erected in 1911 on George V’s visit to India.

Gaya : 
(Bihar) the place where Lord Buddha got enlightenment; famous for pilgrimage.

Golden Temple : 
in Amritsar (Punjab), sacred to the Sikhs. Gol Gumbaz : largest Dome in Bijapur (Karnataka).

Gomateswara : 
(Karnataka) famous for the 2000 year old statue of Jain Sage carved out of a single stone.

India Gate : 
A memorial in New Delhi facing the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Jaipur : 
capital of Rajasthan is famous for pottery, brassware, sculpture, ivory and sandalwood work and
jewellery. Famous for Maharaja’s palace; Jai Singh’s observatory. Amber (ancient capital) Hawa Mahal. Jallianwala Bagh : a garden in Amritsar; scene of massacre of innocent Indians by the British on 13th April 1919.

Jama Masjid : 
(Delhi) built by Shah Jehan, India’s biggest mosque.

Jamshedpur : 
(Bihar) centre of iron and steeel industry; Tata Iron and Steel Factory is located here.

Jantar Mantar : 
in Delhi, is an Observatory constructed in 1724 during the days of Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber.

Jog Falls : 
also called Gersoppa Falls in Karnataka are one of the highest warerfalls in the world. These falls are
formed by the river Sharasvati which takes a big leap down a steep rock from a height of 253 metres.

Juma Masjid, Mandu : 
is in Madhya Pradesh; it depicts a synthesis of Hindu and Muslim styles in architecture.

Kailasha Temple : 
rock-cut temple in Ellora caves.

Kalpakkam : 
near Chennai in Tamil Nadu is known for Chennai Atomic Power Project (MAPP).

Kanchi or Kancheepuram : 
Near Chennai was the ancient capital of ancient Pallavas; famous for ancient temples.

Kanya Kumari : 
in Tamil Nadu, famous temple (the Virgin Goddess) situated at Cape Comorin on the extreme southern tip of India where the Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean meet; a picturesque spot. Vivekananda Rock Memorial Buddha.

Kapilavastu : 
small kingdomin the north of India; associated with Mahatma Buddha.

Kaziranga : 
is a Game Sanctuary in Assam. It is the center of the great Indian one-horned rhinos.

Khajuraho : 
in Madhya Pradesh famous for the group of highly ornate medieval Hindu temples.

Kodaikanal : 
is a town in Tamil Nadu famous for its Observatory for the study of Solar Physics.

Konarak : 
town 16 km north of Puri (Orissa) famous for its Black Pagods; Sun Temple.

Kovalam : 
is a sea-beach about 16 km from Trivandrum in Kerala. Developed as a Tourist Resort by India Tourism Corporation.

Qutub Minar : 
in Delhi (88.4 m high) is one of the master - pieces of Indian architecture and art. It is the biggest
minaret in the world. Completed by Altamash in 1232 A.D. Leaning Tower : (Pisa, Italy) 55 metres high.

Lumbini : 
birth place of Buddha. It is in Nepal. The Nepalese Government have plans to develop the place
with the U.N. assistance as an Internatinal Tourist Resort.

Madurai : 
in Tamil Nadu, famous for Meenakshi Temple, dedicated to Lord Siva.

Mahabalipuram : 
in Tamil Nadu on the Eastern Ghats, famous for temples and monumental architectures. An atomic power station is being set up near here at Kalpakkam.

Mathura : 
a holy city in Uttar Pradesh; Birth-place of Lord Krishna, Hindu temples; oil refinery

Nilgiris : 
mountain range in Tamil Nadu, tea plantations.

Raj Ghat : 
On the bank of Jamuna in Delhi, Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi.

Rashtrapati Bhavan : 
official residence of the President of India in New Delhi; known as Viceragal Lodge during British reign.

Red Fort : 
Red-stone Fort built by Shah Jehan in Delhi near the Jamuna.

Sabarmati : 
in Gujarat State near Ahmedabad; Harijan Ashram founded by Mahatma Gandhi.

Sarnath : 
situated 8 km outside Varanasi. Saranath is the famous place of Buddhist pilgrimage in India. In the ‘Deer Park’ of Sarnath, Gautama Buddha preached his First Semon. Also located here is the famous Ashoka Pillar of polished sand-stone whose lion capital was adopted by the new Republic of India as the State Emblem.

Tanjore : 
(Tamil Nadu) famous for museum, temples and library. Brihadeeswara temple.

Thumba : 
near Trivandrum in Kerala State is known as rocket launching station.

Tirupati : 
in Andhra State about 160 km to the northwest of Chennai is one of the holiest places in South India. This hill temple of Sri Venkateshwara is an example of early Dravidian architecture and is one of the finest in the south.

Triveni : 
in Allahabad (UP) Confluence of the Ganges, the Jamuna and the mythical Saraswati; a place of
pilgrimage for the Hindus.

Varanasi : 
or Banares is a town in UP very sacred to the Hindus. It is known as the religious capital of Hindu India. Famous for Banares Hindu University, Vishwanath Temple, Manmandir with Jaisingh’s Observatory, Ramnagar Fort etc.

Vijay Ghat : 
On the banks of the Yamuna in Delhi is Samadhi of Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, former Prime Minister of India.

Wardha :
(Maharashtra State) Mahatma Gandhi lived here for several years; centre of cotton trade.

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