Sunday, 31 July 2016

Constitutional Terms : Study Notes for Bank Exams

Dear Readers, Today we are here with special Static General Knowledge for Bank Exams article like Constitutional Terms for your better competitive exam preparation. Special This is an important Glossary of Indian constitutional terms in English. You simply translate into Hindi. In this article you study following terms with detailed explanations:-

  • Constitutional terms definitions
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Must Know Constitutional Terms

Appellate Jurisdiction :

The authority to hear the appeal against the law courts.

Bill (Law) :
Bill means proposed law introduced in the legislature for discussion. When passed, it becomes a law. A Bill may be introduced in either house of legislature by a minister. It is then called an ‘Official
A Bill may be introduced by a member in either house of legislature after giving due notice. Such a bill is called a ‘Non-Official Bill’.

Budget :
A Statement of annual income and expenditure is submitted to the legislature for its approval.

Cabinet :
First rank members of the Council of Ministers appointed by the President on the recommendations of the Prime Minister.

Collective Responsibility :
It means that the Council of Ministers take decisions collectively and all ministers actively support that decision. The whole Council of Ministers resigns if a vote of no-confidence is passed against a minister.

Constitution :
A body of Fundamental laws and principles according to which a country is governmed. It is a frame wok within which a governmen works.

Constitutency :
A body of voters that elect its representative to a legislative body like the Lok Sabha, or the Vidhan Sabha.

Civil Cases :
Cases oncerning property, contracts and damage to goods in transit, etc.

Crimnal cases :
Cases dealing with left, robbery, physical injury or murder.

Citizen :
A citizen is one who lives in a country and participates in the working of the government. An individual cannot be a citizen of more than one country.

Constitutional Remedy :
Our Constitution provides that, in case an individual feels that he has been denied his fundamental rights, he can demand justice from the Court according to a procedure set by law.

Democratic Republic :
A government through elected representatives where the Head of the government is elected for a fixed term.

Directive Principles :
These principles are constitutional guidelines and directives to the government for the achievement of national goals.

Executive :
A branch of government which implements and executes or administers law. The Cabinet, the Council of Ministers and the Public Services are a part of the Executive.

Exploitation :
To make use of the services of others for selfish purposes.

Economic Justice :
It implies removal of economic inequalities. All citizens are guaranteed a decent standard of living.

Fraternity :
Spirit or brotherhood among the citizens.

Fundamental Rights :
Rights fundamental or essential to good living; six fundamental rights are guaranteed by our constitution.

Impeachment :
It means accusing a high official like President of India, Supreme Court Judge, etc. of disloyally to the country and corruption and trying him in the Parliament according to a procedure set by law.

Judiciary :
A branch of government which decides disputes among individuals, between individuals and the government or between parts of governments; for example, Supreme Court, High Court and Subordinate Courts.

Magna Carta :
The great Charter of England, granted by King John is called Magna Carta. “It provides that”no man shall be taken or imprisoned nor will he pass upon him or condemn him but by lawful judgement.

President’s Rule :
A situation may rise when the Governor feels that no party in the State Vidhan Sabha has a clear majority or that the state ministry has lost the confidence of the Legislature and it is not possible
to form an alternative ministry. There may be a situation when he feels it is not possible to carry on the administration of the state in a constitutional manner. In such a case, the President, on the report of the Governor, may dissolve the Assembly and dismiss the Council of Ministers. The State then comes under what is popularly known as the Governor’s Rule or President’s Rule.

Preamble :
A Statement of the spirit and meaning of the Constitution. It is the introduction in which the purpose of the Constitution is given.

Prorogue :
An act of ending of a session. It is the discretion of the President and the Governor.

Laissez faire :
A general principle of non-interference.

Legislature :
A law-making body of elected representatives who make law for a country or a state; for example. Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Vidhan Sabha.

Question Hour :
The list of the business before the House of Legislature is given to the members in advance. Generally, the first hour of each sitting is “Question Hour”. The Government give replies to the
question aleady sent by the members. The members are entitled to get more information through “supplementary Question”. The main purpose of the “Question Hour” is to seek information and draw the attention of the Government to issues of public importance. After the “Question Hour, the agenda is taken up".

Recess :
The term is used for the period between the prerogation of parliament and its reassembly in a new session.

Secular State :
A state which gives every individual a right to practise his religion and worship in his own way. It treats all religions alike. It neither favours any religion nor discriminates against any religion. India is a Secular State.

Snap General Election :
Means a general election which is called for suddenly. This happens in a democratic regime when a duly installed majority government finds it difficult to deal with an extraordinary
situation and wants the electorate to give a fresh verdict on its programmes and policies.

State of Emergency :
The President can declare a state of emergency in the country in an emergency caused by way, of foreign attack or internal disturbances and the armed rebellion in the country on an express
request of the cabinet.

Ultimatum :
Final terms before a certain course of action vis-a- vis another party is adopted.

Veto :
Right of executive head to refuse to approve any legislation.

Vote :
Right of executive head to refuse to approve any legislation.

Vote on account :
Usually, Vote on account is taken for a sum equivalent to one-sixth of the expenditure for the entire year in respect of demands for grants. As a convention, it is passed by the Lok Sabha without any discussion.

Vote of Credit : During a national emergency, the house might grant a lump sum through a vote of credit. Likewise, exceptional grants are given for special purposes.

Vote of no-Confidence : It implies that the legislature feels that the Council of Ministers is not working properly and deserves to be removed from office. It has lost the confidence of the legislature. If such a proposal is passed, the Council of Ministers resigns.

Zero Hour : The period following the question hour. If generally begins at 12.00 noon and lasts till 1.00 p.m. Officially, it is used to raise various issues of public importance without priorly notifying the minister.

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