Wednesday, 11 May 2016

English Quiz for SBI PO/Clerk and Banking Exams 2016

Dear expert readers. सामान्य अंग्रेजी गद्यांश प्रेक्टिस प्रश्न पत्र
Good news for you that in a series of free study notes material for SBI PO/Clerk Exam 2016 today we are here with DAILY : QUIZ, English, English for bank exam, English practice for banking exams, IBPS EnglishSBI Clerical Recruitment 2016. English Quiz For SBI PO is the practice set for the students to have better practice for the exam and they can get high merit score marks in their examination. As you all know, the next most important exam in banking is SBI Clerk &SBI PO whose Prelim Exam is scheduled in the soon upcoming month.

Directions: In questions no. 1 to 10, you have a passage with 10 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Edmunde Burke called the press the Fourth Estate of the realm. I think he did not use this title for the Press thoughtlessly as a social ruling group or class. The three Estates or Realms (in England) Lords Spiritual (i.e., the Bishops in the House of Lords), the Temporal (i.e. other Lords) and Commons, i.e., the common people). The Press has been rightly called the Fourth Estate as it also constitutes a ruling group or class like the Lords and Commons. It cannot be denied that in a free country the Press exercises a good deal of influence in shaping public opinion and pointing out the weaknesses or defects of society or of Government, and in general bringing to light all those good or bad things in society which would have otherwise remained unnoticed. The power is not limited or put under any check. The Press, instead of, being controlled by anyone controls life and thought of a nation. Hence, the Press constitutes an Estate by itself.

Obviously, thus the power which the Press in any country wields depends upon the number of newspaper readers. The opinions and comments of newspapers can influence the life of a nation only when they are read, by People. Reading in turn, requires that the general mass of people should be educated. Thus, the spread of education determines the extent of the newspapers. Where readers are few; newspapers must necessarily be few. Their influence, in that case can extend only to a small minority of population. In a country like India, the percentage of literacy is very low and the standard of journalism is not very high. So, the Press has to play the role of a teacher here.

प्र.सं./Q.1. Edmunde Burke called the Press
a. Instrument of Public Opinion 
b. Distributor of news 
c. The Fourth Estate          
d. Lord Temporal

प्र.सं./Q.2. The term Fourth Estate stands for
a. An area of land          
b. Landed Property       
c. Social ruling group or class                
d. Instrument of Power

प्र.सं./Q.3. Out of the following the one which is not included in the Three Estates is
a. Lords Spiritual           
b. Justices of Peace     
c. Lord Temporal           
d. Commons

प्र.सं./Q.4. The Free press does not perform the function of
a. Shaping public opinion 
b. Supporting at all times the official policy 
c. Criticising Government 
d. Exposing social abuses

प्र.सं./Q.5. How much power does a Free Press possess?
a. Only that much power which is allowed by the Government of the country
b. Unlimited power without any check
c. Unlimited power subject to the maintenance of law and order and public morality
d. No power at all

प्र.सं./Q.6. The secret of the Press is
a. the money which the newspaper owners can wield                   
b. The number of newspaper readers
c. the extent to which it supports official policy                          
d. The patronage enjoyed by it of the Government

प्र.सं./Q.7. The number of newspaper readers is determined by
a. The low price of newspapers              
b. The patronage extended to it by the moneyed people
c. Education of the general mass of people       
d. The availability of newsprint

प्र.सं./Q.8. The Press exercises power by
a. Enlisting the support of the people                 
b. Keeping a watch over the acts of the Government
c. Controlling life and thought of a nation           
d. Because it is a great moneyed concern

प्र.सं./Q.9. The state of journalism in India
a. is upto the mark                    
b. is rather low              
c. is in its infancy          
d. is not very high

प्र.सं./Q.10. The Press has the greatest chances of flourishing in a
a. Monarchy                              
b. Aristocracy               
c. Democracy               
d. Limited Dictatorship

Answer Key:
प्र.सं./Q.1. c. The Fourth Estate – The first sentence stated “Edmunde Burke called the press the Fourth Estate of the realm.”

प्र.सं./Q.2. c. Social ruling group or class – The first sentence again stated clearly “I think he did not use this title for the Press thoughtlessly as a social ruling group or class.”

प्र.सं./Q.3. b. Justices of Peace – The third sentence of the passage mentioned “The three Estates or
Realms (in England) Lords Spiritual (i.e., the Bishops in the House of Lords), the Temporal (i.e.
other Lords) and Commons, i.e., the common people).” Justices of Peace is not the part of the three
estates.

प्र.सं./Q.4. b. The Free press does not perform the function of supporting at all times the official policy

प्र.सं./Q.5. b. Unlimited power without any check – The seventh sentence of the passage “The power is not limited or put under any check.”

प्र.सं./Q.6. b. The number of newspaper readers – The second paragraph first sentence “Obviously, thus the power which the Press in any country wields depends upon the number of newspaper readers.”

प्र.सं./Q.7. c. Education of the general mass of people – The third sentence of the second paragraph “Thus, the spread of education determines the extent of the newspapers. Where readers are few;
newspapers must necessarily be few.”

प्र.सं./Q.8. c. Controlling life and thought of a nation – The seventh sentence of the passage “The Press, instead of, being controlled by anyone controls life and thought of a nation.”

प्र.सं./Q.9. d. is not very high – The last line of the passage – “the standard of journalism is not very high.”

प्र.सं./Q.10. c. The Press has the greatest chances of flourishing in a Democracy

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