Saturday, 26 March 2016

RRB NTPC General Science Capsule in Hindi and English आरआरबी एनटीपीसी भर्ती परीक्षा सामान्य विज्ञान केप्सूल

GENERAL SCIENCE CAPSULE 2016 FOR RAILWAYS AND SSC EXAMS IN HINDI AND ENGLISH 2016: आरआरबी एनटीपीसी भर्ती परीक्षा (RRB NTPC Exam) के लिए सामान्य विज्ञान (General Science)  व दैनिक विज्ञान (Every Day Science) पर आधारित यह केप्सूल (Capsule) आपको बहुत ही महत्पपूर्ण जानकारियों से भरा हुआ मिलेगा। हिन्दी (Hindi) व अंग्रेजी (English) भाषा (Language) में तैयार यह केप्सूल आपके दैनिक विज्ञान विषय पर रोचक व तीव्र जानकारियां प्रदान करने वाला है।  इस केप्सूल (Capsule) के साथ-साथ आप एमएम टीम (MM Team) द्वारा प्रस्तुत की गई ढेर सारी दैनिक विज्ञान (Every Day Science)  व सामान्य विज्ञान  (General Scienceपर आधारित महत्वपूर्ण क्विज (Quiz) व अध्ययन सामग्री (Study Notes) का भी अध्ययन (Study) कर सकते है जो कई दिनों पहले ही पोर्टल पर आके अध्ययन (Study) के लिए उपलब्ध (Available) करवा दी गई थी।


इस पूरे आर्टिकल (Article) का सावधानी पूर्वक (Carefully) अध्ययन (Study) करना आपको निश्चित ही सफलता (success) दिलाने में सहायक सिद्ध होगा। साथियों कैसी रही रेल्वे भर्ती परीक्षा (Railway Recruitment Exam) RRB NTPC की सामान्य ज्ञान क्विज (General Knowledge Quiz) आप हमें डिस्कस के द्वारा बता सकते है। आपसे मिलने एमएम टीम एक बार फिर आपकी सहायता (Help) के लिए लेकर आई है सामान्य विज्ञान (General Science)  व दैनिक विज्ञान (Every Day Science) पर आधारित कुछ महत्वपूर्ण (Important) जानकारियों का खजाना लेकर। दोस्तो एसएससी (SSC), भारतीय रेल्वे भर्ती बोर्ड (Indian Railway Recruitment Board) (RRB NTPC Exam) द्वारा पहली बार आयोजित होने जा रही आॅनलाईन भर्ती परीक्षा (Online Recruitment Examination) में दैनिक विज्ञान (Every Day Science) विषय (Subject) भी अपने आप में महत्वपूर्ण (Important) भूमिका रखता है।

कृपया ध्यान रखें (Attention Please):- सामान्य विज्ञान (General Scienceव दैनिक विज्ञान (Every Day Science) के लिए रेल्वे भर्ती परीक्षा (Railway Recruitment Examमें कुल 25 अंक निर्धारित है। प्रत्येक सही उत्तर (Correct Answer) के लिए 1 अंक दिया जायेगा वही प्रत्येक गलत उत्तर (Wrong Answer) के लिए प्रश्न अंक के 0.33 अंकों की कटौती (-) कर दी जायेगी, इसलिए जल्दबाजी के बजाय सोच समझकर, उत्तर को चयन करें।

RRB NTPC General Science: Topic Wise Preparation Tips

दैनिक विज्ञान की तैयारी के लिए महत्वपूर्ण टिप्सः
1. दैनिक विज्ञान (Every Day Science) से सम्बन्धित सामान्य ज्ञान के प्रश्नों का अभ्यास करें।
2. इस विषय में सबसे अधिक पूछे जाने वाले प्रश्न जैसे, लेंस, मापन ईकाइयां, रोग व लक्षण, विटामिन से सम्बन्धित जानकारी, विभिन्न रोग व कारक, कुछ महत्वपूर्ण आविष्कारक जानकारी आदि।
3. वर्तमान में विज्ञान विषय में दिये गये पुरस्कार, खोज आदि पर भी प्रश्न पूछा जाने की संभावना है।
4. विज्ञान के प्रमुख वैज्ञानिक व उससे सम्बन्धित जानकारियां।
5. कुछ तकनीक जिसमें विज्ञान का प्रमुख योगदान रहा हो।
6. वायुमण्डल से सम्बन्धित सामान्य जानकारियां जैसे, परत, उनकी दूरी व मानव पर उसका प्रभाव आदि।
7. दैनिक विज्ञान (Every Day Science) का सैलेबस 4 भागों में विभाजित किया गया है, भौतिक, रसायन, जीवविज्ञान व तकनीकि आदि।
8. विज्ञान के नवप्रवर्तित आयामों का अध्ययन जरूर करें।   



General and Every Day Science Quiz, Latest Updates recent quiz for Bank/ SSC/ Indian Railway Exam RRB NTPC Exam in Hindi and English
Know About Science:
The word science comes from the Latin word scientia which implies knowledge . The science as subject has come to mean the systematic, consistent and excellent study of the physical world including everything than can be seen, observed or detected in nature by the man and society and the knowledge that grows out of such study.

usually the science is characterized by the methodologies and approaches of the hypothesises, postulates, assumptions, theories and laws based experimental
observations and mathematical conclusions.

The science is broadly categorized into two groupsNatural science and Social science .natural science deals with the nature or physical world .

RRB NTPC General Science Syllabus : सामान्य विज्ञान/दैनिक विज्ञान परीक्षा का पाठ्यक्रम

The syllabus of RRB NTPC General science can be divided into four (4) parts:-

भाग / Part- I : Physics

The Physics part will have topics like

Mechanics of particles:Laws of motion; conservation of energy and momentum,
Mechanics of Rigid Bodies:System of particles; Centre of mass, angular momentum, equations of motion
Waves and optics, interference and Diffraction, Polarisation
Electricity and magnetism
Thermal  & Statistical physics

भाग/ Part- II :  Chemistry

The Chemistry part will have topics like

Atomic Structure
Chemical Bonding
Solid, Liquid and gaseous state
Thermodynamics
Electrochemistry
Organic Chemistry
Chemical Kinetics
 Coordination Compounds
Photochemistry & Spectroscopy

भाग/ Part- III : Biology

The Biology part will have topics like

Botany
Zoology
Human Body
Genetics and evolution
Biology and Human Welfare
Biotechnology and its applications
Ecology and environment

भाग/ Part- IV : Technology

The Technology part is the new addition in the General science Section and will have topics related to the new technologies in the field of science, be it space exploration, be it defence, be it medical science or any such field.


Natural science is broadly divided into:

1. Physical science(studies concerned with non-living matter)
2. Life science or Biological science(studies concerned with living matter)


Branches Of Science
Study of Heavenly bodies is called -Astronomy
Study of bacteria and the diseases caused by them is called - Bacteriology
Science dealing with the origin and development of mankind is called - Anthropology
Study of cells is called - Cytology
Science dealing with the functions and the diseases of heart is called - Cardiology
Study of skin is called - Dermatology
Study of Blood Vascular System is called - Angiology
Study of Fungi and fungus diseases is called- Mycology
Study of Tumors is called -Oncology
Study of Liver and its diseases is called - Hepatology
Study of the Nervous system, its functions and its disorders is called - Neurology
Branch of Biology dealing with the phenomena of Heredity is called - Genetics
Study of causes of Diseases is called - Etiology
Study of Ears and their diseases is called - Otology
Study of Condition and Structure of Earth is called - Geology
Study of Kidneys and its function is called - Nephrology
Study of Birds is called - Ornithology
Study of Fossils is called - Palaeontology
Study of Bones is called - Osteology
Study of Soils is called - Pedology
Branch of science dealing with Urinary system is called - Urology
Study of Viruses is called - Virology
Study of resistance of body against infection (immunity) is called -Immunology
Study of Muscles is called - Myology
Study of development of Embryos is called -Embryology
Study of Insects is called - Entomology
Study of Female Reproductive System is called - Gynaecology
Study of production of Three Dimensional Image using Laser is called - Holography
Study of Snakes is called - Serpentology
Production of Raw Silk by rearing of Silk Worms is called - Sericulture
Study of Algae is called -Phycology
Study of diseases, symptoms, cause and remedy is called - Pathology
Study of Serum is called - Serology
The Breeding, Rearing, and Transplantation of Fish is called - Pisciculture
Study of Eyes and its diseases is called - Opthamology


SOURCES OF ACID:
Citric acid — Lemons or oranges (Citrus fruits)
Lactic acid — sour milk
Butyric acid — Rancid butter
Tarteric acid — Grapes
Acetic acid — Vinegar
Maleic acid — Apples
Carbonic acid— Soda water aerated drinks
Stearic acid — Fats
Oxalic and — Tomato, wood sorrel






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