Wednesday, 24 February 2016

Words of the Day – 24th Feb, 2016

The list will be very useful to score high marks in English Section of upcoming Competitive Exams.

Learn these words regularly to improve your vocabulary.

Encroachment

Intrusion on a person’s territory, rights, etc
Example:       “minor encroachments on our individual liberties”
Synonyms:    intrusion into, trespass on, invasion of

Defamation

The action of damaging the good reputation of someone; slander or libel
Example:       “she sued him for defamation”
Synonyms:    libel, slander, character assassination
Antonyms:    commendation

Appeal

Make a serious, urgent, or heartfelt request
Example:       “police are appealing for information about the incident”
Synonyms:    make an urgent/earnest request, call
Antonyms:   bore

Retain

Continue to have (something); keep possession of
Example:       “Labour retained the seat”
Synonyms:    keep, keep possession of
Antonyms:    abolish, discontinue, alter

Protest

A statement or action expressing disapproval of or objection to something
Example:       “the British team lodged an official protest”
Synonyms:    objection, exception, complaint
Antonyms:    support, approval
Averted
Prevent or ward off (an undesirable occurrence).
Example:       “talks failed to avert a rail strike”
Synonyms:   prevent, stop, avoid
Antonyms:    aid, allow

Compassion

Sympathetic pity and concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of others
Example:       “the victims should be treated with compassion”
Synonyms:    pity, sympathy, feeling, fellow feeling
Antonyms:    indifference, heartlessness

Consignment

A batch of goods destined for or delivered to someone
Example:       “a consignment of drugs”
Synonyms:    delivery, shipment, load, container load, shipload
Antonyms:    holding, keeping, retention

Hurl

Throw or impel (someone or something) with great force
Example:       “rioters hurled a brick through the windscreen”
Synonyms:    throw, toss, fling, pitch, cast, lob, launch
Antonyms:   catch, hold

Turbulent

Characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not stable or calm
Example:       “the country’s turbulent history”
Synonyms:    tempestuous, stormy, unstable, unsettled
Antonyms:    calm, quiet, glassy

Spasm

A sudden involuntary muscular contraction or convulsive movement
Example:       “Shifting heavy loads without help brought on muscular back spasms”
Synonyms:    convulsion, contraction, throes, cramp
Antonyms:    harmony, peace

Bide

Remain or stay somewhere
Example:       “how long must I bide here to wait for the answer?”
Synonyms:    dwell, sit tight, stick around
Antonyms:    carry on, cease, complete, depart

Cripple

Cause (someone) to become unable to walk or move properly
Example:       “a young student was crippled for life”
Synonyms:    disable, paralyse, immobilize, make lame, lame
Antonyms:    boost

Contempt

The feeling that a person or a thing is worthless or beneath consideration
Example:       “Pam stared at the girl with total contempt”
Synonyms:   scorn, disdain, disrespect
Antonyms:   respect

Defamation

The action of damaging the good reputation of someone; slander or libel
Example:       “she sued him for defamation”
Synonyms:    libel, slander, character assassination
Antonyms:    commendation

Ruin

Reduce (a building or place) to a state of decay, collapse, or disintegration
Example:       “a ruined castle”
Synonyms:    destroy, devastate
Antonyms:    rebuild, repair, intact, well maintained

Decimate

Kill, destroy, or remove a large proportion of
Example:       “the inhabitants of the country had been decimated”
Synonyms:    annihilate, exterminate, obliterate
Antonyms:    bear, build, create

Mug

Attack and rob (someone) in a public place
Example:       “he was mugged by three men who stole his bike”
Synonyms:    assault, attack

Rift

A crack, split, or break in something
Example:       “the wind had torn open a rift in the clouds”
Synonyms:    crack, fault, flaw, split, break, breach, fissure
Antonyms:    closure

Mull

Think about (something) deeply and at length
Example:       “she began to mull over the various possibilities”
Synonyms:    ponder, consider
Antonyms:    forget, ignore, neglect

Clinch

Confirm or settle (a contract or bargain)
Example:       “the Texan wanted to impress him to clinch a business deal”
Synonyms:    secure, settle, conclude, close
Antonyms:    lose

Ammunition

A supply or quantity of bullets and shells
Example:       “guns, ammunition, and explosives”
Synonyms:    bullets, missiles, rounds, shot, slugs, rockets, bombs
Antonyms:    defuse

Topple

Overbalance or cause to overbalance and fall
Example:       “she toppled over when I touched her”
Synonyms:    fall, tumble, overturn, overbalance, tip
Antonyms:    hold, increase, rise

Canopy

An ornamental cloth covering hung or held up over something, especially a throne or bed
Example:       “a romantic four-poster bed complete with drapes and a canopy”
Synonyms:    awning, shade, sunshade, cover, covering

Scream

A long, loud, piercing cry expressing extreme emotion or pain
Example:       “they were awakened by screams for help”
Synonyms:    shriek, screech, yell, howl, shout, bellow, bawl
Antonyms:   bore

Enactment

The process of passing legislation
Example:       “the enactment of equal pay legislation”
Synonyms:    making law, validation, sanction
Antonyms:   repeal

Barge

A long flat-bottomed boat for carrying freight on canals and rivers, either under its own power or towed by another
Synonyms:    lighter, canal boat, scow

Riot

A violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd
Example:       “riots broke out in the capital”
Synonyms:    uproar, rampage, furore, tumult, commotion, upheaval, disturbance
Antonyms:   calm, order, peace

Regime

A government, especially an authoritarian one
Example:       “ideological opponents of the regime”
Synonyms:    government, authorities, system of government

Falter

Lose strength or momentum
Example:       “the music faltered, stopped, and started up again”
Synonyms:    hesitate, delay, think twice, get cold feet
Antonyms:   calm, hold, remain, stabilize

Premature

Occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early
Example:       “the sun can cause premature ageing”
Synonyms:    untimely, early
Antonyms:    overdue, late

Promptly

With little or no delay; immediately
Example:       “he paid the fine promptly”
Synonyms:    punctually
Antonyms:    slowly, late, negligently

Defecate

Discharge faeces from the body
Synonyms:   excrete
Antonyms:    accept, allow, keep

Fierce

Having or displaying a violent or ferocious aggressiveness
Example:       “fierce fighting continued throughout the day”
Synonyms:    ferocious, savage, vicious
Antonyms:    gentle, tame, mild

Hinterland

The remote areas of a country away from the coast or the banks of major rivers
Example:       “the hinterland of southern Italy”
Synonyms:    the back of beyond, the middle of nowhere, the backwoods, the wilds, the bush, remote areas
Antonyms:    civilization
Sluggish
Slow-moving or inactive
Example:       “a sluggish stream”
Synonyms:    inactive, quiet, slow, slow-moving, slack, flat
Antonyms:    busy, brisk

Errant

Erring or straying from the accepted course or standards.
Example:       “an errant husband coming back from a night on the tiles”
Synonyms:    offending, guilty, culpable, misbehaving, lawless
Antonyms:    innocent, well behaved

Handcuff

A pair of lockable linked metal rings for securing a prisoner’s wrists
Synonyms:    manacles, fetters, shackles, irons, bonds, bracelets
Antonyms:    free

Suspicion

A feeling or thought that something is possible, likely, or true
Example:       “she had a sneaking suspicion that he was laughing at her”
Synonyms:    intuition, feeling, impression, inkling, surmise, guess
Antonyms:    certainty

Precursor

A person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner
Example:       “a three-stringed precursor of the violin”
Synonyms:    forerunner, predecessor, forefather

Goon

A silly, foolish, or eccentric person
Synonyms:    Hooligan, thug
Antonyms:    brain

Bonhomie

Cheerful friendliness; geniality
Example:       “he exuded good humour and bonhomie”
Synonyms:    geniality, congeniality, sociability, friendliness, warmth
Antonyms:   coldness

Consent

Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something
Example:       “no change may be made without the consent of all the partners”
Synonyms:   agreement, assent, concurrence, accord
Antonyms:    dissent, forbid

Uproar

A loud and impassioned noise or disturbance
Example:       “the room was in an uproar”
Synonyms:    turmoil, disorder, confusion, disturbance
Antonyms:   acquiescence, calm

Expedite

Make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly
Example:       “he promised to expedite economic reforms”
Synonyms:    speed up, accelerate, hurry, quicken, precipitate
Antonyms:   delay, hinder

Bigwig

An important person, especially in a particular sphere
Example:       “government bigwigs”
Synonyms:    VIP, important person, notable, notability, personage
Antonyms:   nobody, nonentity

Mutt

A dog, especially a mongrel
Example:       “a long-haired mutt of doubtful pedigree”
Synonyms:    mongrel, hound, dog

Stalemate

A position counting as a draw, in which a player is not in check but cannot move except into check
Example:       “last time I played him it ended up in stalemate”
Synonyms:    deadlock, impasse, standstill, dead end, stand-off, draw, tie, dead heat
Antonyms:   advance, headway, progress

Anarchy

A state of disorder due to absence or non-recognition of authority or other controlling systems
Example:       “he must ensure public order in a country threatened with anarchy”
Synonyms:    lawlessness, absence of government, revolution, mutiny, disorder
Antonyms:   government, order

Rampage

(Especially of a large group of people) move through a place in a violent and uncontrollable manner
Example:       “several thousand demonstrators rampaged through the city”
Synonyms:    go berserk, storm, charge, tear
Antonyms:   calm, order

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