Saturday, 30 January 2016

IBPS English Study : Important Words

IBPS English Study : Important Words

The list will be very useful to score high marks in English Section of upcoming Competitive Exams.
Learn these words regularly to improve your vocabulary.

Ashore

To or on the shore or land from the direction of the sea
Example:       “the seals come ashore to breed”
Synonyms:    on to the shore, towards the shore

Vicinity

The area near or surrounding a particular place
Example:       “the number of people living in the immediate vicinity was small”
Synonyms:    neighbourhood, local area, region, quarter, sector
Antonyms:    faraway

Self-immolation

The offering of oneself as a sacrifice, especially by burning
Example:       “70 people died in the unrest, mainly by gunfire and self-immolation”

Prosthetic

Denoting an artificial body part, such as a limb, a heart, or a breast implant
Example:       “she has learnt to walk again using prosthetic legs”
Synonyms:    artificial arm, artificial leg, fake limb

Evasion

The action of evading something
Example:       “their adroit evasion of almost all questions”
Synonyms:    avoidance, dodging, elusion, sidestepping, bypassing
Antonyms:   confrontation

Reap

Harvest the crop from (a piece of land)
Example:       “farmers agreed to continue reaping the land by traditional means”
Synonyms:    harvest, garner
Antonyms:   forfeit, lose

Carcass

The dead body of an animal
Example:       “she saw the mud-covered carcass of a sheep”
Synonyms:    corpse, cadaver

Irk

Irritate; annoy
Example:       “it irks her to think of the run around she received”
Synonyms:    irritate, annoy, vex, gall, rattle
Antonyms:   please

Emulate

Match or surpass (a person or achievement), typically by imitation
Example:       “most rulers wished to emulate Alexander the Great”
Synonyms:    imitate, copy, reproduce, mimic, mirror, echo, follow
Antonyms:   neglect

Oust

Drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place
Example:       “the reformists were ousted from power”
Synonyms:    drive out, expel, force out, throw out, remove
Antonyms:   hire, place, take in

Tranche

A portion of something, especially money
Example:       “they released the first tranche of the loan”
Synonyms:    portion, piece, slice
Antonyms:    emit

Ambient

Relating to the immediate surroundings of something
Example:       “the liquid is stored at below ambient temperature”
Synonyms:    surrounding, medium
Antonyms:    distant

Sedition

Conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch
Synonyms:    agitation, troublemaking, provocation
Antonyms:    obedience, calm

Speculation

The forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence
Example:       “there has been widespread speculation that he plans to quit”
Synonyms:    conjecture, theorizing, hypothesizing, supposition, guesswork
Antonyms:    disregard, ignore, neglect

Persuade

Induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument
Example:       “it wasn’t easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing”
Synonyms:    convince, make, get
Antonyms:    dissuade, discourage, deter

Empathy

The ability to understand and share the feelings of another
Synonyms:    affinity, appreciation, compassion, insight
Antonyms:    disdain, hatred, indifference

Breach

An act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct
Example:       “a breach of confidence”
Synonyms:   contravention, violation
Antonyms:    agreement, closing

Clout

A heavy blow with the hand or a hard object
Example:       “a clout round the ear”
Synonyms:    smack, slap, thump, punch
Antonyms:    failure, disability, disqualification

Stint

A person’s fixed or allotted period of work
Example:       “his varied career included a stint as a magician”
Synonyms:    spell, stretch, period, time, turn
Antonyms:    entertainment, failure, fun

Detox

A process or period of time in which one abstains from or rids the body of toxic or unhealthy substances; detoxification
Example:       “he ended up in detox for three months”
Synonyms:    abrupt withdrawal, crash

Handcuffs

A pair of lockable linked metal rings for securing a prisoner’s wrists
Synonyms:    manacles, fetters, shackles, bracelets
Antonyms:    free

Flock

A number of birds of one kind feeding, resting, or travelling together
Example:       “a flock of gulls”
Synonyms:   group, flight, congregation
Antonyms:    disperse, divide

Freight

Goods transported in bulk by truck, train, ship, or aircraft
Example:       “a decline in the amount of freight carried by rail”
Synonyms:   cargo, load, haul, consignment, delivery, shipment
Antonyms:    benefit

Rampant

(Especially of something unwelcome) flourishing or spreading unchecked
Example:       “political violence was rampant”
Synonyms:    uncontrolled, unrestrained, unchecked, unbridled, widespread
Antonyms:   mild

Hawkers

A person who travels about selling goods, typically advertising them by shouting
Example:       “hawkers and costermongers pushed their little handcarts, crying ‘Bread!’, ‘Fish!’ and ‘Meat pies!’”
Synonyms:    trader, seller, dealer, purveyor, vendor
Antonyms:   customer, client

Languish

(Of a person, animal, or plant) lose or lack vitality; grow weak
Example:       “plants may appear to be languishing simply because they are dormant”
Synonyms:    weaken, grow weak, deteriorate, decline
Antonyms:    thrive, flourish

Sanctum

A sacred place, especially a shrine within a temple or church
Example:       “an icon installed within the sanctum of the temple”
Synonyms:    holy place, shrine, sanctuary

Scarce

(Especially of food, money, or some other resource) insufficient for the demand
Example:       “as raw materials became scarce, synthetics were developed”
Synonyms:    in short supply, short, scant, scanty, meagre, sparse
Antonyms:    plentiful, abundant

Leverage

Use borrowed capital for (an investment), expecting the profits made to be greater than the interest payable
Example:       “a leveraged takeover bid”
Synonyms:    grip, purchase, hold
Antonyms:    weakness

Garner

Gather or collect (something, especially information or approval).
Example:       “the police struggled to garner sufficient evidence”
Synonyms:    gather, collect, accumulate
Antonyms:    spend, disperse, distribute

Overhaul

Take apart (a piece of machinery or equipment) in order to examine it and repair it if necessary
Example:       “the steering box was recently overhauled”
Synonyms:    service, maintain, repair, mend
Antonyms:    break, damage, destroy

Vie

Compete eagerly with someone in order to do or achieve something
Example:       “the athletes were vying for a place in the British team”
Synonyms:    compete, contend, contest, struggle, fight, battle
Antonyms:    Agree, aid, assist, help

Largesse

Generosity in bestowing money or gifts upon others
Example:       “presumably public money is not dispensed with such largesse to anyone else”
Synonyms:    generosity, liberality, munificence, bounty
Antonyms:    meanness, miserliness

Snatch

Quickly seize (something) in a rude or eager way
Example:       “she snatched a biscuit from the plate”
Synonyms:    grab, seize
Antonyms:    whole

Encroachment

Intrusion on a person’s territory, rights, etc
Example:       “minor encroachments on our individual liberties”
Synonyms:    intrusion into, trespass on
Antonyms:    give, ignore

Miff

Annoy
Example:       “I’ll confess it miffed me slightly at the time”
Synonyms:    annoyed, displeased, offended, aggrieved
Antonyms:    pleased

Troop

Soldiers or armed forces
Example:       “UN peacekeeping troops”
Synonyms:    soldiers, armed forces
Antonyms:    individual, one

Autism

A mental condition, present from early childhood, characterized by great difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts
Synonyms:    coldness, compensation

Enclave

A portion of territory surrounded by a larger territory whose inhabitants are culturally or ethnically distinct
Example:       “the besieged Muslim enclave of Srebrenica”
Synonyms:    ascendancy, authorization, command, commission
Antonyms:    submission, subordination

Nemesis

A long-standing rival; an arch-enemy
Example:       “will Harry Potter finally defeat his nemesis, Voldemort?”
Synonyms:    arch-enemy, arch-rival, enemy
Antonyms:    advantage, associate, happiness


Denounces

Publicly declare to be wrong or evil
Example:       “the Assembly denounced the use of violence”
Synonyms:    condemn, criticize, attack, censure, reject
Antonyms:    praise

Vicinity

The area near or surrounding a particular place
Example:       “the number of people living in the immediate vicinity was small”
Synonyms:    neighbourhood, local area, district, region, quarter, sector, territory
Antonyms:    faraway

Flaw

A mark, blemish, or other imperfection which mars a substance or object
Example:       “a flaw in the glass”
Synonyms:    defect, blemish, fault, imperfection, deficiency, weakness
Antonyms:    strength

Abscond

Leave hurriedly and secretly, typically to escape from custody or avoid arrest
Example:       “the barman absconded with a week’s takings”
Synonyms:    run away, escape, bolt, clear out, flee
Antonyms:    appear, arrive, come, continue

Dawn

The first appearance of light in the sky before sunrise
Example:       “he set off at dawn”
Synonyms:    daybreak, break of day, crack of dawn, sunrise, first light
Antonyms:    dusk, end

Menace

A person or thing that is likely to cause harm; a threat or danger
Example:       “a new initiative aimed at beating the menace of drugs”
Synonyms:    danger, peril, risk, hazard, threat
Antonyms:    friendly, auspicious

Curb

A check or restraint on something
Example:       “plans to introduce tougher curbs on insider dealing”
Synonyms:    restraint, restriction, check, brake, rein, control, limitation
Antonyms:    release

Litigation

The process of taking legal action
Example:       “the company wishes to avoid litigation”
Synonyms:    legal action, legal case
Antonyms:    accord, compromise

Radicalize

cause (someone) to become an advocate of radical political or social reform.
Example:       “some of those involved had been radicalized by the Vietnam War”
Synonyms:    profound, basal, bottom
Antonyms:    inessential, minor, secondary, unimportant

Cognisance

Knowledge or awareness
Example:       “the Renaissance cognizance of Greece was limited”
Synonyms:    awareness, notice, knowledge, realization, recognition, appreciation
Antonyms:    disregard

Persuaded

Cause (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.
Example: It wasn’t easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing
Synonyms: Prevail on, coax, convince, get, induce, win over, bring around, coerce
Antonyms: Discourage, dissuade, fail, halt, prevent, repel

Boycott

A punitive ban that forbids relations with certain groups, cooperation with a policy, or the handling of goods.
Example: The Israeli academic establishment boycotted him
Synonyms: ban, veto, embargo, prohibition, sanction, restriction
Antonym: accept, allow, approve, include, sanction

Swallow

Cause or allow (something, especially food or drink) to pass down the throat.
Example: She swallowed a mouthful slowly
Synonyms: Eat, gulp down, consume, devour, put away, ingest, assimilate
Antonyms: nibble, abstain, hold, keep, disbelieve

Aspiration

A hope or ambition of achieving something.
Example: He had nothing tangible to back up his literary aspirations
Synonyms: Desire, hope, dream, wish, longing, yearning, aim, ambition, expectation
Antonyms: Apathy, dislike, hate

Paralyze

(Of a person or part of the body) partly or wholly incapable of movement.
Example: He became partially paralyzed
Synonyms: disabled, crippled, handicapped, incapacitated, paralytic
Antonyms: build, construct, continue, improve, repair, restore, aid, assist, bore

Probe

Physically explore or examine (something) with the hands or an instrument.
Example: researchers probing the digestive glands of mollusks
Synonyms: Examine, feel, feel around, explore, prod, poke

Assault

A physical attack.
Example: His imprisonment for an assault on the film director
Synonyms: Attack, hit, strike, punch, beat up, thump, pummel, pound, batter, clout
Antonyms: Retreat

Grieve

Cause to feel sorrow
Example: “His behaviour grieves his mother”
Synonyms: Mourn, lament, sorrow, be sorrowful, cry, sob, weep

Conspiracy

A secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful.
Example: A conspiracy to destroy the government
Synonyms: Plot, scheme, plan, machination, ploy, trick, ruse, subterfuge, racket
Antonyms: Faithfulness, honesty, ignorance

Deport

Expel (a foreigner) from a country, typically on the grounds of illegal status or for having committed a crime.
Example: He was deported for violation of immigration laws
Synonyms: Expel, banish, exile, transport, expatriate, extradite, repatriate, evict
Antonyms: Allow, hold, keep, take in, welcome

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