Thursday, 17 December 2015

(Study Materials) English Language : Idioms and Phrases pdf Download

IBPS Bank PO and Clerk Exam 2016-17 : (Study Materials) English Language : Idioms and Phrases pdf Download


Idioms and Phrases pdf Download

IBPS Preparation English : English section is the most critical section as this section tests your basic English skills. For preparation, we will try to cover all aspects of IBPS Bank English Syllabus for our readers. We provide you latest study material for IBPS CWE. We recommend studying our practice material for IBPS exam preparation. By using this material, students preparing for this exam will have a cutting edge over other students. here are some questions and answers that will help you to creak the IBPS Exam like IBPS PO, IBPS Management Trainess and IBPS Speicalist Officers IBPS English | Idioms and Phrases.



Study Materials for IBPS, Bank Exams : English Language : Idioms and Phrases

Click here to Download : English Language : Idioms and Phrases pdf

Questions and Answers on Phrases

Q.1 The executive had received several warnings before been suspended finally for his lack of punctuality.
(1) after suspended
(2) after suspending
(3) before suspended
(4) before being suspended
(5) No correction required

Q.2 Accordingly to the senior partner's instructions they have remitted the amount to your bankers.
(1) Accordingly as
(2) On accord of
(3) In accordance with
(4) According to
(5) No correction required

Q.3 Since the collapse of his business he has become frequent depressed and addicted to alcohol.
(1) frequent depression and addicted for
(2) frequently depress and addict to
(3) frequently depressing and addicted on
(4) frequently depressed and addicted to
(5) No correction required

Q.4 The museum has planned for a ten day exhibition showcasing the rich culture of the South.
(1) plan for
(2) planning to
(3) planning on
(4) have a plan
(5) No correction required

Q.5 The government will refrain from intervening in the dispute except the company requests it to do so.
(1) with the dispute except
(2) in the dispute unless
(3) to the dispute excepting
(4) in the dispute without
(5) No correction required

Q.6 The issue of employee pension schemes will come to the Governing Board meeting next week.
(1) shall come about to
(2) will come before
(3) will come up at
(4) shall come to
(5) No correction required

Q.7 The steep rise in oil prices is the reason on account of which we must conserve energy.
(1) the reason
(2) the reason to
(3) the reason because
(4) the reason for
(5) No correction required

Q.8 Despite his youth he has the reputation of being one of the most efficient administrators'in the organization.
(1) from the efficient
(2) off the more efficient
(3) of the efficient in
(4) among the most efficiently of
(5) No correction required

Q.9 Several customers have requested that the branch timings on weekdays should be changed to reduce inconvenience.
(1) is changed
(2) have changed
(3) shall change
(4) can change
(5) No correction required

Q.10 Having failed to plan their political campaign in advance the party members got each other into a mess.
(1) get one another
(2) got themselves
(3) have got anyone
(4) has got everyone
(5) No correction required

MOST USEFUL IDIOMS FOR IBPS EXAMS

A idioms
Acid Test - Acid test proves the effectiveness of something.
Afraid of one’s own shadow- to become easily frightened
Against the clock- to be in a hurry to do something before a particular time
Air one’s dirty laundry- to make public something embarrassing that should be kept secret.
All systems go- everything is ready.
An arm and a leg- a large amount of money
Appear out of now here- to appear suddenly without warning.
Apple of someone’s eye- someone loved very much.
As the crow flies- measuring distance between two places in a straight line.
Ask for the moon- to ask for too much.
Asleep at the switch- not to be alert on opportunity
At an arm’s length- to keep at a distance
At sixes and sevens- in disorder
At sixes and sevens- to be lost and bewildered
At someone’s beck and call- to be always ready to serve
At the bottom of the ladder- at the lowest level
At the crack of the dawn- very early in morning
At the drop of the hat- u do something easily and without any preparation
At the eleventh hour- be too late.
At the heels of- to follow someone

B idioms
Back the wrong horse- to support someone weak
Back to square one- to reach again to the starting point
Back to the salt mines- back to something that you don’t want to do
Back-room boys - People who perform important work but have no contact with the public.
Bad blood- feelings of hate between two families
Ball of fire- active and energetic
Bark up the wrong tree- to make a wrong assumption
Batten down the hatches- prepare for difficult times
Batten down the hatches- to prepare for trouble
Be above board- to be honest and legal
Be as clear as mud- to be impossible to understand
Be at each other’s throat- two persons arguing angrily
Be bouncing off the walls- excited and full of nervous energy
Be in seventh heaven- extremely happy
Be in the doldrums- not very successful or nothing new is taking place
Be on cloud nine- be very happy
Be on the edge- to be nervous or worried about something
Be tailor made- to be completely suitable for someone.
Beat one’s brain out- to work hard
Beat one’s head against the wall- to try to do something that is hopeless
Beat the drum- to speak eagerly about something you support
Begin to see the light- to begin to understand
Behind closed doors- done in secret
Bend your ears- to talk to someone for a very long time about something boring
Bent on doing- to be determined to do something
Bet on the wrong horse- to misread the future
Between the devil and deep blue sea- a type of situation where u must choose between two equally unpleasant situations
big cheese- a most important or a most powerful person
bird’s eye view- a view from a very high place which allows you to see a large area
bit under the weather- falling ill
Bite off more than one can chew- to do more than one’s ability
Bite the bullet- to face a difficult situation bravely
Bite your tongue- to stop yourself from saying something because it would be better not to
Bitter pill to swallow- an unpleasant fact that must be accepted
Black and blue- full of bruises
Black sheep of the family- worst member
Blessing in disguise- something that turns out to be good which earlier appeared to be wrong
Blind leading the blind- someone who does not understand something but tries to explain it to other
Blow one’s own horn- to praise one
Blow someone’s mind- excite someone
Blue blood- belonging to high social class
Blue in the face- exhausted and speechless
bone of contention- something that people argue for a long time
Bone of contention- subject matter of the fight
boon in disguise- a benefit in loss
Bow and scrap- try too hard to please someone in a position of authority
Brass monkey weather- extremely cold weather
Break a leg- to wish good luck
Break the back of- reduce the power of something
Break the ice- to make more comfort or relaxed with a person whom you have not met earlier, to break the silence
Bring home the bacon- to earn money to live
bull in a China shop- an awkward person
Burn a hole in one’s pocket- to spend money quickly
Burn the midnight oil- to study till late of night
Bushman’s holiday- a holiday where you spend doing same thing as you did at working days
Button’s one lip- to keep quite

C Idioms
Cap it all- to finish
Cards are stacked against- luck is against you
Carrot and sticks- You use both awards as well as punishments to make someone do something.
Carry coals to new castle- to take something to a place or a person that has a lot of that thing already
Carry the can- If you carry the can, you take the blame for something, even though you didn't do it or are only partly at fault.
Cast a long shadow- Something or someone that casts a long shadow has considerable influence on other people or events.
Cast in the same mould- to be very similar
Cat and dog life- If people lead a cat and dog life, they are always arguing.
Change horses in midstream- to change plans
Chase your tail - Spending a lot of time and energy doing a lot of things but actually achieving too little.
Cidioms
Cloak and dragger- when people behave in a very secret manner
cock and a bull story- a story or an explanation which is obviously not true.
Crack a book- to open book to study
Cried with eyes out- cried a lot
Cross a bridge before one comes to it- worry about the future in advance
cuckoo in the nest- someone in a group of people but not liked by them.
Cut the ground from under feet - When you cut the ground from under someone's feet, you do something which weakens their position.

D idioms
Dances to the tune- to always do what someone tells you to do
Dancing on someone's grave- If you will dance on someone's grave, you will outlive or outlast them and will celebrate their demise
Davey Jones' locker- Davey Jones' locker is the bottom of the sea or resting place of drowned sailors. ('Davy Jones' locker' is an alternative spelling.)
Dead letter- an argument or law not followed by anyone.
Dead wood - People or things which are no longer useful or necessary.
Deliver the goods -Do what is expected or promised.
Developing and be prepared for the future.
Dish fit for Gods- something of very high quality
Dog in the manger- If someone acts like a dog in the manger, they don't want other people to have or enjoy things that are useless to them
Donkey work- Donkey work is any hard, boring work or task.
Don't cry over spilt milk- When something bad happens and nothing can be done to help it people say, 'Don't cry over spilt milk'
Don't throw bricks when you live in a glass house- Don't call others out on actions that you, yourself do. Don't be a hypocrite.
Dragging its feet- delaying in decision, not showing enthusiasm
Dressed up to the nines- wearing fancy clothes
Drive a wedge between- to break relationship between the two

E idioms
Early bird- someone who gets early in the morning
Earth shattering- not at all surprising
Eat humble pie- to apologize humbly
Educated guess- a guess which was likely to get corrected
Egg on your face- If someone has egg on their face; they are made to look foolish or embarrassed
Elephant in the room- An elephant in the room is a problem that everyone knows very well but no one talks about because it is taboo, embarrassing, etc.
Eleventh hour decision- decision that is made at the last possible minute
Embarrassing, inappropriate, wrong or stupid
End in smoke- to bear no result
Entering the 80th orbit- celebrating the 80th birthday
Explore all avenues - Trying out every possibility to get a result.
Eye for an eye- This is an expression for retributive justice, where the punishment equals the crime.
Eyes are bigger than one's stomach- If someone's eyes are bigger than their stomach, they are greedy and take on more than they can consume or manage.

F idioms
Face the music-to accept punishment for something you have done.
Fall on our feet- If you fall on your feet, you succeed in doing something where there was a risk of failure.
Fall on your own sword- to be cheated by someone you trust.
Fall on your sword- If someone falls on their sword, they resign or accept the consequences of what they have done wrong.
Fast track something - Rating something higher on your priority list to achieve the desired result.
Feather in one’s cap- something that you achieve and proud of.
Feel the pinch- to have problems with money.
Fine-tooth comb - Examining something carefully to not miss out any details.
Finger in the pie- If you have a finger in the pie, you have an interest in something.
Fingers and thumbs- If you are all fingers and thumbs, you are being clumsy and not very skilled with your hands.
Firing on all cylinders- work every possible way to succeed.
Flash in the pan- If something is a flash in the pan; it is very noticeable but doesn't last long, like most singers, who are very successful for a while, then forgotten.
Follow your nose- When giving directions, telling someone to follow their nose means that they should go straight ahead.
Fool's paradise- A fool's paradise is a false sense of happiness or success
Foot in mouth- This is used to describe someone who has just said something
For a song- If you buy or sell something for a song, it is very cheap
For donkey's years- If people have done something, usually without much if any change, for an awfully long time, they can be said to have done it for donkey's years
French leave- absent without permission, to take French leave is to leave a gathering without saying goodbye or without permission.
From cradle to grave- during the whole span of your life.

G idioms
Game of two equal halves- a sudden change in circumstances
Get a raw deal- not treated equally
Get ducks in a row - Getting your things well organized.
Get off the hook- free from all obligations
Get the axe - lose the job.
Get the show on the road - Putting up a plan or idea into action.
Get your wires crossed- If people get their wires cross, they misunderstand each other, especially when making arrangements.('Get your lines crossed' is also used.)
Gift of the gab- talent of speaking, if someone has the gift of the gab, they speak in a persuasive and interesting way
Give me a hand- If someone gives you a hand, they help you
Give me five- If someone says this, they want to hit your open hand against theirs as a way of congratulation or greeting
Give someone a bird- make fun
Give someone a piece of your mind- If you give someone a piece of your mind, you criticize them strongly and angrily.
Gives cold shoulder- to ignore
Give-up the ghost- to die
Go bananas- If you go bananas, you are wild with excitement, anxiety, or worry
Go tell it to birds- This is used when someone says something that is not credible or is a lie
Go under the hammer- If something goes under the hammer, it is sold in an auction
Golden handshake - Big sum of money given to a person when they leave a company or retire.
Got the slap on the wrist- got light punishment
Got the wind up- to be scared
Graveyard shift- If you have to work very late at night, it is the graveyard shift
Grease monkey- A grease monkey is an idiomatic term for a mechanic

H idioms
Hand to mouth- Someone who's living from hand to mouth, is very poor and needs the little money they have coming in to cover their expenses
Have a big mouth- one who gossips more or tells secret
Have a one track mind- think only of one thing
Have an egg on the face- be embarrassed
Have ants in your pants- not be able to keep still because you are very excited or worried about something.
Have clean hands- be guiltless
Have eyes bigger than stomach- desiring more food than one can eat
Have no truck with- If you have no truck with something or someone, you refuse to get involved with it or them
Having a whole of a time- to enjoy very much
Heart in the right place- good natured
Heart missed a beat- very excited
Himalayan blunder- a serious mistake
Hit the bull's-eye- If someone hits the bull's-eye, they are exactly right about something or achieve the best result possible.
Hit the nail on the head- done the thing correctly
Hold one’s horse- be patient
Hold water- When you say that something does or does not 'hold water', it means that the point of view or argument put forward is or is not sound, strong or logical.
Hornets' nest- A hornets' nest is a violent situation or one with a lot of dispute. (If you create the problem, you 'stir up a hornets' nest'.)
House of cards- a poor plan

I idioms
If the shoe fits, wear it- This is used to suggest that something that has been said might apply to a person
In black and white- to give in writing
In cahoots with- in a partnership usually for a dishonest reason
In dribs and drabs- in small amounts at a time
In droves- When things happen in droves, a lot happen at the same time or very quickly
In the blues- low spirited
In the doghouse- If someone is in the doghouse, they are in disgrace and very unpopular at the moment.

J idioms
Jack Frost - If everything has frozen in winter, then Jack Frost has visited.
Jack the Lad - A confident and not very serious young man who behaves as he wants to without thinking about other people is a Jack the Lad.
Jack-of-all-trades- A jack-of-all-trades is someone that can do many different jobs.
Jam on your face - If you say that someone has jam on their face, they appear to be caught, embarrassed or found guilty.
Jam tomorrow - This idiom is used when people promise good things for the future that will never come.
Jekyll and Hyde - Someone who has a Jekyll and Hyde personality has a pleasant and a very unpleasant side to the character.
Jersey justice - Jersey justice is very severe justice.
Jet set - Very wealthy people who travel around the world to attend parties or functions are the jet set.
Jet-black - To emphasise just how black something is, such as someone's hair, we can call it jet-black.
Job's comforter - Someone who says they want to comfort, but actually discomforts people is a Job's comforter.
Jobs for the boys - Where people give jobs, contracts, etc, to their friends and associates, these are jobs for the boys.
Jockey for position - If a number of people want the same opportunity and are struggling to emerge as the most likely candidate, they are jockeying for position.
Joe Public - Joe Public is the typical, average person.
Jog my memory- If you jog someone's memory, you say words that will help someone trying to remember a thought, event, word, phrase, experience, etc.
Johnny on the spot - A person who is always available; ready, willing, and able to do what needs to be done.('Johnny-on-the-spot' is also used.)
Johnny-come-lately - A Johnny-come-lately is someone who has recently joined something or arrived somewhere, especially when they want to make changes that are not welcome.
Join the club - when someone has expressed a desire or opinion, meaning "That viewpoint is not unique to you"
Joined at the hip - If people are joined at the hip, they are very closely connected and think the same way.
Judge, jury and executioner - If someone is said to be the judge, jury, and executioner, it means they are in charge of every decision made, and they have the power to be rid of whomever they choose.
Juggle frogs - If you are juggling frogs, you are trying to do something very difficult.
Jump down someone's throat - If you jump down someone's throat, you criticise or chastise them severely.
Jump on the bandwagon - If people jump on the bandwagon, they get involved in something that has recently become very popular.
Jump ship - If you leave a company or institution for another because it is doing badly, you are jumping ship.
Jump the broom - To jump the broom is to marry. (Jump over the broom, jump over the broomstick, jump the broomstick are also used.)
Jump the gun - If you jump the gun, you start doing something before the appropriate time.
Jump the track - Jumping the track is suddenly changing from one plan, activity, idea, etc, to another.
Jump through hoops - If you are prepared to jump through hoops for someone, you are prepared to make great efforts and sacrifices for them.
Jump to a conclusion - If someone jumps to a conclusion, they evaluate or judge something without a sufficient examination of the facts.
Jumping Judas! - An expression of surprise or shock.
Jungle out there - If someone says that it is a jungle out there, they mean that the situation is dangerous and there are no rules.
Jury's out - If the jury's out on an issue, then there is no general agreement or consensus on it.
Just around the corner- If something is just around the corner, then it is expected to happen very soon.
Just coming up to - If the time is just coming up to nine o'clock, it means that it will be nine o'clock in a very few seconds. You'll hear them say it on the radio in the morning.
Just deserts - If a bad or evil person gets their just deserts, they get the punishment or suffer the misfortune that it is felt they deserve.
Just for the heck of it - When someone does something just for the heck of it, they do it without a good reason.
Just for the record - If something is said to be just for the record, the person is saying it so that people know but does not necessarily agree with or support it.
Just in the nick of time - If you do something in the nick of time, you just manage to do it just in time, with seconds to spare.
Just off the boat - If someone is just off the boat, they are naive and inexperienced.
Just what the doctor ordered - If something's just what the doctor ordered, it is precisely what is needed.
Justice is blind - Justice is blind means that justice is impartial and objective.

K idioms
Kangaroo court- When people take the law into their own hands and form courts that are not legal
Keep body and soul together- If you earn enough to cover your basic expenses, but nothing more than that, you earn enough to keep body and soul together.
Keep ones eye on the ball- be ready for something
Keep your eye on the ball- If you keep your eye on the ball, you stay alert and pay close attention to what is happening
Keep your fingers on the pulse - Being constantly aware of the most recent developments.
Kick up a row- to start a fight, to create disturbance
Know which way the wind blows- This means that you should know how things are

L idioms
Left to your own devices- If someone is left to their own devices, they are not controlled and can do whatever they want
Let nature take its course- to allow someone to live or die naturally.
Let someone slide- neglect something
Let the cat out of the bag- reveal the secret
Like a shag on a rock- completely alone.
Like a sitting duck- totally unaware
Lion’s share- a major share
litmus test- a method which clearly proves something
Loaves and fishes- done for material benefits

M idioms
Make a bee line for- to go directly towards something.
Make a dry face- show disappointment
Make a monkey of someone- If you make a monkey of someone, you make them look foolish
Make castles in the air- plans or hopes that have very little chances of happening.
Make ones bed and lie on it- to be responsible for what you have done and accept the results
Man of his word- A man of his word is a person who does what he says and keeps his Promises
Many moons ago- A very long time ago
Mean business - Being serious about what you announce.
Meet ones waterloo- meet ones final end
Monkey around- to waste time here and there
My hands are full- I am busy

N idioms
Needle in a haystack- If trying to find something is like looking for a needle in a haystack, it means that it is very difficult, if not impossible to find among everything around it
Never-never land- ideal best place.
Nine days wonder- pleasure for a short time
No love lost between- dislike
No smoke without fire- This idiom means that when people suspect something, there is
Nobody’s fool- one who can take care of himself
Normally a good reason for the suspicion, even if there is no concrete evidence. ('Where's there's smoke, there's fire' is also used.)
not having a leg to stand for- not having proof
Not let grass grow under feet - Don't delay in getting something done.

O idioms
Old flames die hard- It's very difficult to forget old things
On its last legs- in a bad condition and will not last long
On pins and needles- If you are on pins and needles, you are very worried about something
On the bandwagon- doing something because others are also doing it
On the hook- If someone is on the hook, they are responsible for something.
Once in a blue moon- very rarely
Only the wearer knows where the shoe pinches- This means that it's hard to know how much someone else is suffering.
Open Pandora’s box- to discover more problems
Over the moon- being too happy

P idioms
Paper over the cracks- to try to hide something
Parrot fashion- If you learn something parrots fashion; you learn it word for word
Pass muster- to be approved
Pay on the nail- If you pay on the nail, you pay promptly in cash
Pen is mightier than the sword- The idiom 'the pen is mightier than the sword' means that words and communication are morepowerful than wars and fighting
People don't know what they are feeling
Pick someone to pieces- to criticize sharply
Pick someone’s brains- If you pick someone's brains, you ask them for advice, Suggestions and information about something they know about
Pieces of the same cake- Pieces of the same cake are things that have the same characteristics or qualities
Play fast and loose- If people play fast and loose, they behave in an irresponsible way and don't respect rules, etc.
Plum job - Desirable position which is well-paid and considered relatively easy .
Poker face- Someone with a poker face doesn't show any emotion or reaction so that
Pull up the shocks- do things in the right manner and correctly
Put the cart before the horse- doing things in a wrong manner

Q idioms
Quarrel with bread and butter- Bread and butter, here, indicate the means of one’s living.
queer fish- a strange person
Queer fish- A strange person is a queer fish
Quiet as a cat- If somebody is as quiet as a cat they make as little noise as possible and try to be unnoticeable
Quiet as a mouse- If someone's as quiet as a mouse, they make absolutely no noise

R idioms
Rack and ruin- If something or someone goes to rack and ruin, they are utterly destroyed or wrecked
Rain on your parade- If someone rains on your parade, they ruin your pleasure or your plans
Rake someone over the coals- If you rake someone over the coals, you criticize or scold them severely
Read between the lines- read hidden meanings
Recipe for disaster- A recipe for disaster is a mixture of people and events that could only possibly result in trouble
Red carpet- If you give someone the red-carpet treatment, you give them a special welcome to show that you think they are important
Red herring- If something is a distraction from the real issues, it is a red herring
Red letter day- A red letter day is a one of good luck, when something special happens to you
red letter day- an important day
Reduce to ashes- If something is reduced to ashes, it is destroyed or made useless. His infidelities reduced their relationship to ashes
Round the houses- If you go round the houses, you do something in an inefficient way when there is a quicker, more convenient way
Round the twist- go crazy
Rub shoulders- If you rub shoulders with people, you meet and spend time with them, especially when they are powerful or famous
Run into the sand- If something runs into the sand, it fails to achieve a result

S idioms
Sail through something - Being successful in doing something without difficulty.
Sail under false colors- Someone who sails under false colors is hypocritical or pretends to be something they aren't in order to deceive people
Salad days- Your salad days are an especially happy period of your life
Salt on the earth- fundamental good people
Salt on the earth- fundamental good people
Sands of time- tiny amounts of time
Sands of time- tiny amounts of time
Separate sheep from goats - Examining a group of people and deciding their suitability
Shake a leg- to go fast, hurry
Shape up or ship out - This expression is used to warn someone that if they do not improvetheir ways, they will have to leave their job.
Showing the door- asking someone to leave
Snake in the grass- a hidden army
Snake in the grass- a hidden army
Snake in the shoes- to be in a state of fear
Song and a dance- an excuse
Spill the beans- to expose a secret
Spill the beans- to expose a secret
Stood to his guns- maintained to his opinion

T idioms
Tables are turned- When the tables are turned, the situation has changed giving the advantage to the party who had previously been at a disadvantage
Take a back seat- choose to decrease involvement
Take someone under your wing- If you take someone under your wing, you look after them while they are learning something
Take the cloth- to become a priest.
Take your medicine- If you take your medicine, you accept the consequences of something you have done wrong
Talk turkey- to discuss a problem with a real intension to solve it.
Talking to a brick wall- If you talk to someone and they do not listen to you, it is like talking to a brick wall
Taste of your own medicine- If you give someone a taste of their own medicine, you do something bad to someone that they have done to you to teach them a lesson
The apple does not fall far from the tree- Offspring grow up to be like their parents
Think on your feet - Adjusting quickly to changes and making fast decisions.
Threaded his way out- walked carefully through.
Through thick and thin- If someone supports you through thick and thin, they support you during good times and bad
Tit for tat- an action done to revenge against a person who has done some wrong to you
To crow over- to triumph over someone to blow a fuse- to turn someone angry though thick and thin- under all conditions to bell the cat- to take great risks
To look through colored glasses- to look the things not as they are taking to a brick wall- taking with a no response
Tricks of the trade - Clever or expert way of doing something.
Turned a deaf ear- disregarded

U idioms
Uncharted waters- If you're in uncharted waters, you are in a situation that is unfamiliar to you, that you have no experience of and don't know what might happen
Under a cloud- If someone is suspected of having done something wrong, they are under a cloud
Under fire- If someone is being attacked and criticized heavily, they are under fire
Under lock and key- If something is under lock and key, it is stored very securely
Under your nose- If something happens right in front of you, especially if it is surprising or audacious, it happens under your nose
Up a river without a paddle- If you up a river without a paddle, you are in an unfortunate situation, unprepared and with none of the resources to remedy the matter
Up for grabs- If something is up for grabs, it is available and whoever is first or is successful will get it
Up to the neck- If someone's in something up to the neck, they are very involved in it, especially when it's something wrong
Upset the apple cart- to create difficulty

V idioms
Vale of tears- This vale of tears is the world and the suffering that life brings.
Velvet glove - This idiom is used to describe a person who appears gentle, but is determined and inflexible underneath. ('Iron fist in a velvet glove' is the full form.)
Vent your spleen - If someone vents their spleen, they release all their anger about something.
Vicar of Bray - A person who changes their beliefs and principles to stay popular with people above them is a Vicar of Bray
Vicious circle - A vicious circle is a sequence of events that make each other worse- someone drinks because they are unhappy at work, then loses their job... 'Vicious cycle' is also used.
Vinegar tits - A mean spirited women lacking in love or compassion.
Virgin territory - If something is virgin territory, it hasn't been explored before.
Voice in the wilderness - Someone who expresses an opinion that no one believes or listens to is a voice in the wilderness,especially if proved right later.
Volte-face - If you do a volte-face on something, you make a sudden and complete change in your stance or position over an issue.
Vultures are circling - If the vultures are circling, then something is in danger and its enemies are getting ready for the kill.

W idioms
Wait for a raindrop in the drought- When someone is waiting for a raindrop in the drought, they are waiting or hoping for something that is extremely unlikely to happen
Waiting in the wings - Waiting for an opportunity to take action, mostly to replace someone else in their job.
wakeup call- an event done to warn someone
Walking on broken glass- When a person is punished for something
Weight one’s word- be careful to what one says
Wet behind the ears- Someone who is wet behind the ears is either very young or inexperienced
Whale of a time- If you have a whale of a time, you really enjoy yourself
Whole bag of tricks -Means trying all the clever means to achieve something.
witch hunt- an attempt to find and punish those who have options that are believed to be dangerous
Work like a charm - Works very well or has the desired effect.
Work your fingers to the bone- If you work your fingers to the bone, you work extremely hard on something
worm’s eye view- having very little knowledge about something
Wrench in the works- If someone puts or throws a wrench, or monkey wrench, in the works, they ruin a plan

X idioms
X factor - The dangers for people in the military that civilians do not face, for which they receive payment
X marks the spot - This is used to say where something is located or hidden.
X-rated - If something is x-rated, it is not suitable for children.

Y idioms
Yah boo sucks- Yah boo & yah boo sucks can be used to show that you have no sympathy with someone.
Yank my chain - If some one says this to another person (i.e. stop yanking my chain) it means for the other person to leave the person who said it alone and to stop bothering them.
Yell bloody murder - If someone yells bloody murder, they protest angrily and loudly, or scream in fear.
Yellow press - The yellow press is a term for the popular and sensationalist newspapers.
Yellow streak- If someone has a yellow streak, they are cowardly about something.
Yellow-bellied - A yellow-bellied person is a coward.
Yen - If you have a yen to do something, you have a desire to do it.
Yeoman's service - To do yeoman's service is to serve in an exemplary manner.
Yes-man - Someone who always agrees with people in authority is a yes-man.
Yesterday's man or Yesterday's woman - Someone, especially a politician or celebrity, whose career is over or on the decline is yesterday's man or woman.
You are what you eat - This is used to emphasise the importance of a good diet as a key to good health.
You can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar - This means that it is easier to persuade people if you use polite arguments and flattery than if you are confrontational.
You can choose your friends, but you can't choose your family - Some things you can choose, but others you cannot, so you have to try to make the best of what you have where you have no choice.
You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make it drink - This idiom means you can offer something to someone, like good advice, but you cannot make them take it.
You can say that again - If you want to agree strongly with what someone has said, you can say 'You can say that again' as a way of doing so.
You can't have cake and the topping, too - This idiom means that you can't have everything the way you want it, especially if your desires are contradictory.
You can't have your cake and eat it - This idiom means that you can't have things both ways.
You can't hide elephants in mouse holes - means that some issues/problems/challenges cannot be hidden/concealed but have to be faced and dealt with.
You can't make a silk purse out of a sow's ear - If something isn't very good to start with, you can't do much to improve it.
You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs - This idiom means that in order to achieve something or make progress, there are often losers in the process.
You can't teach an old dog new tricks - It is difficult to make someone change the way they do something when they have been doing it the same way for a long time
You can't un-ring a bell - This means that once something has been done, you have to live with the consequences as it can't be undone.
You could have knocked me down with a feather - This idiom is used to mean that the person was very shocked or surprised.
You do not get a dog and bark yourself - If there is someone in a lower position who can or should do a task, then you shouldn't do it.
You get what you pay for - Something that is very low in price is not usually of very good quality.
You said it!- Used to say you agree completely with something just said.
You scratch my back and I'll scratch yours - This idiom means that if you do something for me, I'll return the favour.
You what? - This is a very colloquial way of expressing surprise or disbelief at something you have heard. It can also be used to ask someone to say something again.
Young blood - Young people with new ideas and fresh approaches are young blood.
Young Turk - A Young Turk is a young person who is rebellious and difficult to control in a company, team or organisation.
Your belly button is bigger than your stomach - If your belly button is bigger than your stomach, you take on more responsibilities than you can handle.
Your call - If something is your call, it is up to you to make a decision on the matter.
Your name is mud - If someone's name is mud, then they have a bad reputation.
Your sins will find you out - This idiom means that things you do wrong will become known.
You're toast - If someone tells you that you are toast, you are in a lot of trouble.
You've got rocks in your head - Someone who has acted with a lack of intelligence has rocks in their head.
You've made your bed- you'll have to lie in it - This means that someone will have to live with the consequences of their own actions.

Z idioms
Zero hour- The time when something important is to begin is zero hour.
Zero tolerance - If the police have a zero tolerance policy, they will not overlook any crime, no matter how small or trivial.
Zigged before you zagged - If you did things in the wrong order, you zigged before you zagged.
Zip it - This is used to tell someone to be quiet.
Zip your lip - If someone tells you to zip your lip, they want to to shut up or keep quiet about something. ('Zip it' is also used.)
The executive had received several warnings before been suspended finally for his lack of punctuality. (1) after suspended (2) after suspending (3) before suspended (4) before being suspended (5) No correction required Accordingly to the senior partner's instructions they have remitted the amount to your bankers. (1) Accordingly as (2) On accord of (3) In accordance with (4) According to (5) No correction required Since the collapse of his business he has become frequent depressed and addicted to alcohol. (1) frequent depression and addicted for (2) frequently depress and addict to (3) frequently depressing and addicted on (4) frequently depressed and addicted to (5) No correction required The museum has planned for a ten day exhibition showcasing the rich culture of the South. (1) plan for (2) planning to (3) planning on (4) have a plan (5) No correction required The government will refrain from intervening in the dispute except the company requests it to do so. (1) with the dispute except (2) in the dispute unless (3) to the dispute excepting (4) in the dispute without (5) No correction required The issue of employee pension schemes will come to the Governing Board meeting next week. (1) shall come about to (2) will come before (3) will come up at (4) shall come to (5) No correction required The steep rise in oil prices is the reason on account of which we must conserve energy. (1) the reason (2) the reason to (3) the reason because (4) the reason for (5) No correction required Despite his youth he has the reputation of being one of the most efficient administrators'in the organization. (1) from the efficient (2) off the more efficient (3) of the efficient in (4) among the most efficiently of (5) No correction required Several customers have requested that the branch timings on weekdays should be changed to reduce inconvenience. (1) is changed (2) have changed (3) shall change (4) can change (5) No correction required Having failed to plan their political campaign in advance the party members got each other into a mess. (1) get one another (2) got themselves (3) have got anyone (4) has got everyone (5) No correction required

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