Wednesday, 2 December 2015

Statement - Assumptions Problems Examples (Reasoning Guide Notes)

Dear MM readers, we shall discuss about one more important topic of Reasoning part of Bank Exams, Statement - Assumptions. In these type of questions, they will give you a statement followed by two assumptions. You have to read the statement and assumptions clearly and find out an Implicit one. Lets see some examples.

Read the following Statement and Assumptions.

Give answer (a) if only assumption 1 is implicit.

Give answer (b) if only assumption 2 is implicit.
Give answer (c)if either assumptions 1 or 2 is implicit.
Give answer (d) if neither assumption 1 not 2 are implicit.
Give answer (e) if both assumptions 1 and 2 are implicit.
1. Statement : Vitamin E tablets improve circulation, keep your complexion in a glowing condition.
Assumptions :
1) People like a glowing complexion.
2) Complexion becomes dull in the absence of circulation.
Answer : e
Explanation : Both assumptions are implicit. Generally, only those good features of a product are highlighted which people crave for. So, 1 is implicit. If circulation is improved, complexion grows. Hence, 2 is also implicit.
2. Statement : "The function will start at 6 pm. "You are requested to take your seats before 6 pm.
Assumptions : 
1) Function will start as scheduled.
2) If an invitee is not in his seat before 6 pm, the function will not start.
Answer : a
Explanation : It is mentioned in the invitation that you are requested to take your seats before 6 pm. It means that function will start as scheduled. Hence, assumption 1 is implicit. It is not given that the function will not start if invitees do not come in-time.
3. Statement : The X passenger car manufacturing company announced a sharp reduction in the prices of their luxury cars.
Assumptions : 
1) There may be an increase in the sale of their luxury cars.
2) The other such car manufacturers may also reduce their prices.
Answer : a
Explanation : The price of any product is lowered assuming that its demand will increase. Therefore, assumption 1 is implicit. There is no information about the other manufacturers, so assumption 2 is not implicit.
4. Statement : "if you want to give any advertisement, give it in the newspaper A" - X tells Y.
Assumptions :
1) Y wants to publicize his products.
2) Newspaper A has a wide circulation.
Answer : b
Explanation : The word 'If' in the statement shows that Y may or may not want to publicize his products. So, 1 is not implicit. X advised that advertisements be given in news paper A. This means that A will help advertise better i.e. it has wider circulation. So, 2 is implicit.
5. Statement : Patient's condition would improve after this operation.
Assumptions :
1) The patient can be operated upon in this condition.
2) The patient can't be operated upon in this condition.
Answer : a
Explanation : It is very much implied in the statement that the patient is in a position to be operated upon. Therefore, assumption 1 is implicit. But, assumption 2 is not implicit as it is just opposite to assumption.

6. Statement : The government has decided to allow the shopping complexes to remain open till midnight to reduce crowding of shoppers in these complexes during the weekends. Assumptions :
1) The sales of these shopping complexes may increase generating revenue for the govt.
2) People may still prefer to shop during the weekends.
Answer : d
Explanation : The objective of Govt. behind taking this decision is to facilitate people to shop at their leisure fimes during the late evening hours and not to increase its revenue. Hence, 1 is not implicit. No such information like people are interested to shop during only weekends. So, 2 is also not implicit.

7. Statement : The state government has decided to appoint thousand primary school teachers during next financial year. Assumptions :
1) There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.
2) The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the Govt. may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers.
Answer : a
Explanation :  As per the requirement of teachers in primary school only, the Govt. may have taken such decision. So, 1 is implicit. Assumption 2 is absurd as it is against the Govt's decission.

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