Tuesday, 1 December 2015

Rules of English : Prepositions

A preposition is a word used before a noun or a pronoun to show how it is related to the other part of the sentence.
For example : The book is on the table, He went to school by bus.
Let's have a look at some important points you should know about Prepositions :


  • 'In' is used before the names of big cities and places while 'at' is used before the names of small places.
    • Eg : The Heavy water plant is at Manuguru in Khammam.
  • 'To' and 'into' are used with things in motion and 'In', 'On' and 'At' are used with things without motion.
    • Eg : 
      • He is going to the station.
      • The snake crawled into the hole.
      • He is sitting on a chair.
      • The book is on the table.
  • 'At' is used before venue and time.
  • 'On' is used before day and date.
  • 'In' is used before month and year.
    • Eg :
      • The meeting is held at Gandhi Bhavan
      • The class starts at 8:AM
      • He will come on Monday.
      • Christmas comes in December.
  • 'By' is used for any mode of transport.
    • Eg  : He came by bus.
      • Note : you should say "He came on foot".
  • 'With' is used before instruments and 'By' is used before agents.
    • Eg : He was killed by a robber with a knife.
  • 'Since' is used with point of time in perfect tenses.
  • 'From' is used with point of time in non-perfect tenses.
  • 'For' is used with point of time in all tenses.
    • Eg : 
      • He has been in hospital since Monday.
      • He was working here from 1980.
      • He worked here for 5 years.
  • 'Beside' means by the side of 
  • 'Besides' means in addition to.
    • Eg :
      • Our institute is beside the Park.
      • He owns a car besides a scooter.
Some verbs are followed by different prepositions in different occasions.
  • Agree :
    • with a person
    • to a thing
      • Eg :
        • I can not agree with you.
        • I can not agree to your suggestion.
  • Differ :
    • with a person
    • from a thing.
      • Eg :
        • I differ with my colleagues in this matter.
        • My car differs from his car.
  • Angry :
    • with a person.
    • at a thing.
      • Eg :
        • The teacher is angry with you.
        • The teacher is angry at your remark.
Various verbs, nouns and pronouns are followed by a particular preposition. Being a competitive exam aspirant, you are advised to take note of all such important prepositions.
Some examples :
  • Insist - on
  • Congratulation - on
  • Invite - to
  • Conform - to
  • Excel - in
  • Associate - with
  • Marry - to
  • Prevent - from
  • Desist - from
  • Abstain - from
  • Convict - of
  • Accuse - of
  • Deficient - in
  • Deprived - of
  • Different - from
  • Indifferent - to
  • Disperse - with
  • Dispose - of
  • Aspire - to
  • Jealous - of
  • Zealous - for
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