Thursday, 17 December 2015

Prepositions and its Types

Prepositions and its Types

Hi readers, Once again swati coming with new article. My Previous article for IBPS Bank PO and Clerk Was English Preposition For IBPS and SBI PO and Clerk : Guide Pdf.Hope that your learning level was increased by my short and quick notes. My General English Notes for IBPS Bank PO and Clerk series will help you to crack the English section of all competitive examinations such as SBI Exams, IBPS and other such examinations. In this module we will be discussing about prepositions.

Prepositions are short words and have a Rules of English Prepositions that are placed before a noun. They are generally used to tell about time and place. Prepositions, all by themselves are hard to understand, the words “it, in , under , at” etc are difficult to understand independently, but when placed in a sentence, they are of great importance as they describe the relation of other words.

For example:
I found a chocolate on the desk.- the preposition is ‘on’ as it shows the relationship between chocolate and desk.
She went to sleep late at night.- the preposition is to as it shows the direction where the girl is going to.
I am watching a movie in the theater.- the preposition is ‘in’ as it denotes the place which is the theater.

The types of prepositions are:
1. Simple Prepositions
2. Compound Prepositions
3. Phrase Prepositions
4. Participle Prepositions
5. Double Prepositions

 1. Simple prepositions:

These prepositions are used in simple sentences.  In includes prepositions such as In, on, at, to, from, with, by etc.
For example:
I want to go to the movie with you.
She must be in the mall near the lake.
We will be going to the book fair tomorrow.

2. Compound prepositions:

Compound prepositions are those when we join two connect nouns, pronouns and phrases. They contain words such as inside, outside, within, between, before etc.
For example:
We are between two countries.
I will leave before she reaches.

3. Phrase Prepositions

According to, in spite of, an account of, in front of, in order to, for the sake of, by means of, with reference to, in addition to, due to etc. all of these are phrase prepositions. Phrase prepositions are those which use phrases.
According to me, this is the plan to boost the sales of our company.
In order to win, one must practice

4. Participle Prepositions:

Participle preposition words are concerning, pending, and considering etc.
Considering my experience, I should be able to get this job.
I have written this letter concerning the various health issues in our society.

5. Double Prepositions

Double prepositions generally have two words. These prepositions contain words like by outside of, out of, from behind and because of etc.
We have to solve any three questions out of 5.
It was just because of Sachin that we lost the match.

Apart from these types of prepositions, there are various other types.The other types of prepositions include:

1. Prepositions of time
2. Prepositions of location or place
3. Preposition of direction

1. Prepositions of Time:

Prepositions of time, as the name suggests, are used to tell about the time when something is done. ‘at’ is used for a particular time period, ‘in’ is used for months, years, centuries and long periods and ‘on’ is used for a particular day or date. For example:  He told me to wait for him at 3 o clock in January on Monday. Other prepositions of time include: since, for, ago, by, before, to, past and so on. It answers the question ‘When?’
I have a meeting at 8:00 am tomorrow.
The time is ten past seven.
I met her three years ago.
I haven’t been here for the past three years.

2. Prepositions of Location (or place):

Prepositions of location indicate the location of a particular thing. You use prepositions of place in your everyday speech, words such as here, there, under, at, below, above, in, out etc are all prepositions of location. The sentence used in the beginning of the module (I am playing hide and seek with my sister, she must be hiding somewhere in the house. Oh! There she is! Under the bed! Oh no, that’s not her, it’s a doll. She may be hiding behind the curtains or in the wardrobe!) contains prepositions of location. It answers the question ‘where?’
I hid all my chocolates under the bed sheet.
There is a ghost in my wardrobe.
They asked me to come at the mall for the meeting.
May I come in?

3. Preposition of Direction:

As evident from the name itself, prepositions of direction are used to denote motion, they tell you where to put something or where to go i.e. they express movement.
She ran across the road.
The kids are playing around the park.
The train passed through the tunnel.
I was getting late, so I ran towards the bus stand.

Hope you had fun learning about prepositions. I will meet you again with another fun filled module.
....Swati Patil.

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