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    Saturday, 11 February 2017

    IBPS Study Notes - Computer Abbreviations Selected Important Full Forms for Competitive Exams

    Dear mm readers - Here are Some of the Most important Computer Full Forms/ Abbreviations which will be helpful for your preparation of upcoming IBPS PO and Clerk exam and other Govt. jobs exams. These full form type questions are asked in most of the examinations in which there is computer awareness section.

    Those candidates who are preparing for IBPS, Bank PO or other competitive exams, there is a computer awareness section from which questions are asked. The full forms given below will help them in scoring marks in that section. Questions are basically asked as what is the full form of "BIOS".

    Part - I

    Computer Full Forms / Abbreviations - Important for Competitive / Bank Exams

    The below given Full Forms of Computer terms will help you secure those few marks.
    Computer Abbreviations - Full Form
    1. Full form of C.O.M.P.U.T.E.R. = Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research

    2. ACL - Access Control List

    3. ADC - Analog-to-Digital Converter

    4. ADF - Automatic Document Feeder

    5. ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

    6. AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port

    7. AIFF - Audio Interchange File Format

    8. AIX - Advanced Interactive Executive

    9. ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit

    10. ANSI - American National Standards Institute

    11. API - Application Program Interface

    12. APU - Accelerated Processing Unit

    13. ARP - Address Resolution Protocol

    14. ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange

    15. ASP - Active Server Page or Application Service Provider

    16. ATA - Advanced Technology Attachment

    17. ATM - Asynchronous Transfer Mode

    18. ATX - Advanced Technology eXtended

    19. AUP - Acceptable Use Policy

    20. Bash - Bourne-Again Shell

    21. BASIC - Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

    22. Bcc - Blind Carbon Copy

    23. BIOS - Basic Input/Output System

    24. Blob - Binary Large Object

    25. BMP - Bitmap

    26. BSOD - Blue Screen of Death

    27. CGI - Common Gateway Interface

    28. CCD - Charged Coupled Device

    29. CD - Compact Disc

    30. CD-R - Compact Disc Recordable

    31. CDFS - Compact Disc File System

    32. CDMA - Code Division Multiple Access

    33. CDN - Content Delivery Network

    34. CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computing

    35. CLOB - Character Large Object

    36. CPU = Central Processing Unit

    37. RAM = Random Access Memory

    38. ROM = Read Only Memory

    39. PROM = Programmable Read Only Memory

    40. EPROM = Erasable PROM

    41. EEPROM = Electrically EPROM

    42. HDD = Hard Disk Drive

    43. CD-ROM - Compact Disc Read-Only Memory

    44. CD-RW - Compact Disc Re-Writable

    45. FDD = Floppy Disk Drive

    46. KBD = KeyBoard

    47. I/O = Input & Output.

    48. CAD - Computer-Aided Design

    49. Cc - Carbon Copy

    50. CD = Compact Disk

    51. DVD = Digital Video Disk

    52. SMPS = Switch Mode Power Supply

    53. POST = Power ON Self Test

    54. CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

    55. CMS - Content Management System

    56. BIOS = Basic Input Output System

    57. VDU = Visible Display Unit

    58. LED = Light Embedded Diode

    59. LCD = Liquid Crystal Display

    60. USB = Universal Serial Bus

    61. VGA = Video/Visual Graphic Adapter

    62. LAN = Local Area Network

    63. WAN = Wide Area Network

    64. MAN = Metropolitan Area Network

    65. HLL = High Level Language

    66. LLL = Low Level Language

    67. MIPS = Million of Instruction Per Second

    68. Mbps = Mega Bytes Per second

    69. Kbps = Kilo Bytes per second

    70. HTTP = Hyper Text Templates

    71. WWW = World Wide Web

    72. IP = Internet Protocol

    73. ISP = Internet Service Provider

    Below are Computer Units to measure data size

    • 4 Bits = 1 Nibble

    • 8 Bits = 1 Byte

    • 1024 Bytes = 1 Kilo Byte ( KB )

    • 1024 KB = 1 Mega Byte ( MB )

    • 1024 MB = 1 Gyga Byte ( GB )

    • 1024 GB = 1 Tera Byte ( TB )

    • 1024 TB = 1 Peta Byte ( PB )

    • 1024 PB = 1 Exa Byte ( EB )

    • 1024 EB = 1 Zetta Byte ( ZB )

    • 1024 ZB = 1 Yotta Byte ( YB )


    Part - II

    • Al – Artificial intelligence


    • ALGOL – Algorithimic Language


    • ARP – Address resolution Protocol


    • ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange


    • BINAC - Binary Automatic Computer


    • BCC – Blind Carbon Copy


    • Bin – Binary


    • BASIC - Beginner’s All-purpose Symbollic Instruction Code


    • BIOS – Basic Input Output System


    • Bit – Binary Digit


    • BSNL – Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited


    • CC – Carbon Copy


    • CAD – Computer Aided Design


    • COBOL – Common Business Oriented Language


    • CD – Compact Disc


    • CRT – Cathode Ray Tube


    • CDR – Compact Disc Recordable


    • CDROM – Compact Disc Read Only Memory


    • CDRW – Compact Disc Rewritable


    • CDR/W – Compact Disk Raed/Write


    • DBA – Data Base Administrator


    • DBMS – Data Base Management System


    • DNS – Domain Name System


    • DPI – Dots Per Inch


    • DRAM – Dynamic Random Access Memory


    • DVD – Digital Video Disc/Digital Versatile Disc


    • DVDR – DVD Recordable


    • DVDROM – DVD Read Only Memory


    • DVDRW – DVD Rewritable


    • DVR – Digital Video Recorder


    • DOS – Disk Operating System


    • EBCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Iterchange Code


    • e-Commerce – Electronic Commerce


    • EDP – Electronic Data Processing


    • EEPROM – Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory


    • ELM/e-Mail – Electronic Mail


    • ENIAC - Electronic Numerical   Integrator and Computer


    • EOF - End Of File


    • EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory


    • EXE - Executable


    • FAX - Far Away Xerox/ facsimile


    • FDC - Floppy Disk Controller


    • FDD - Floppy Disk Drive


    • FORTRAN - Formula Translation


    • FS - File System


    • FTP - File Transfer Protocol


    • Gb - Gigabit


    • GB - Gigabyte


    • GIF - Graphics Interchange Format


    • GSM -  Global System for Mobile Communication


    • HDD - Hard Disk Drive


    • HP - Hewlett Packard


    • HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language


    • HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol


    • IBM - International Business Machine


    • IM - Instant Message


    • IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol


    • ISP - Internet Service Provider


    • JPEG - Joint Photographic Experts Group


    • Kb - Kilobit


    • KB - Kilobyte


    • KHz - Kilohertz


    • Kbps - Kilobit Per Second


    • LCD – Liquid Crystal Display


    • LED – Light Emitting Diode


    • LPI – Lines Per Inch


    • LIS – Large Scale Integration


    • Mb – Megabit


    • MB – Megabyte


    • MPEG – Moving Picture Experts Group


    • MMS – Multimedia Message Service


    • MICR – Magnetic Ink Character reader


    • MIPS – Million Instructions Per Second


    • NIC – Network Interface Card


    • NOS – Network Operating System


    • OMR – Optical Mark Reader


    • OOP – Object Oriented Programming


    • OSS – Open Source Software


    • PAN – Personal Area Network


    • PC – Personal Computer


    • PDA - Personal Digital Assistant


    • PDF – Portable Document Format


    • POS – Point Of Sale


    • PNG - Portable Network Graphics


    • PPM – Pages Per Minute


    • PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol


    • PROM – Programmable Read Only Memory


    • PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network


    • POST – Power On Self Test


    • PING – Packet Internet Gopher


    • RAM – Random Access Memory


    • RDBMS – Relational Data Base Management System


    • RIP – Routing Information Protocol


    • RTF – Rich Text Format


    • SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol


    • SQL – Structured Query Language


    • SRAM – Synchronous Random Access Memory


    • SNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol


    • SIM – Subscriber Identification Module


    • TCP – Transmission Control Protocol


    • TB – Tera Bytes


    • UPS – Uninterrupted Power Supply


    • URI – Uniform Resource Identifier


    • URL – Uniform Resource Locator


    • USB -  Uniform Serial Bus


    • ULSI - Ultra Large Scale Integration


    • UNIVAC - Universal Automatic Computer


    • VAR – Variable


    • VGA – Video Graphics Array


    • VSNL – Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited


    • VDU – Visual Display Unit


    • Wi-Fi – Wireless Fidelity


    • WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network


    • WPA – Wi-Fi Protected Access


    • WWW – World Wide Web


    • WORM – Write Once Read Memory


    • XHTML – eXtensible Hyper text Markup Languange


    • XML -  eXtensible Markup language


    • ZB – Zeta Byte

    Read more Computer Awareness Study notes for Better Examination Score.


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