Saturday, 11 February 2017

IBPS Study Notes - Computer Abbreviations Selected Important Full Forms for Competitive Exams

Dear mm readers - Here are Some of the Most important Computer Full Forms/ Abbreviations which will be helpful for your preparation of upcoming IBPS PO and Clerk exam and other Govt. jobs exams. These full form type questions are asked in most of the examinations in which there is computer awareness section.

Those candidates who are preparing for IBPS, Bank PO or other competitive exams, there is a computer awareness section from which questions are asked. The full forms given below will help them in scoring marks in that section. Questions are basically asked as what is the full form of "BIOS".

Part - I

Computer Full Forms / Abbreviations - Important for Competitive / Bank Exams

The below given Full Forms of Computer terms will help you secure those few marks.
Computer Abbreviations - Full Form
  1. Full form of C.O.M.P.U.T.E.R. = Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research

  2. ACL - Access Control List

  3. ADC - Analog-to-Digital Converter

  4. ADF - Automatic Document Feeder

  5. ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

  6. AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port

  7. AIFF - Audio Interchange File Format

  8. AIX - Advanced Interactive Executive

  9. ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit

  10. ANSI - American National Standards Institute

  11. API - Application Program Interface

  12. APU - Accelerated Processing Unit

  13. ARP - Address Resolution Protocol

  14. ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange

  15. ASP - Active Server Page or Application Service Provider

  16. ATA - Advanced Technology Attachment

  17. ATM - Asynchronous Transfer Mode

  18. ATX - Advanced Technology eXtended

  19. AUP - Acceptable Use Policy

  20. Bash - Bourne-Again Shell

  21. BASIC - Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

  22. Bcc - Blind Carbon Copy

  23. BIOS - Basic Input/Output System

  24. Blob - Binary Large Object

  25. BMP - Bitmap

  26. BSOD - Blue Screen of Death

  27. CGI - Common Gateway Interface

  28. CCD - Charged Coupled Device

  29. CD - Compact Disc

  30. CD-R - Compact Disc Recordable

  31. CDFS - Compact Disc File System

  32. CDMA - Code Division Multiple Access

  33. CDN - Content Delivery Network

  34. CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computing

  35. CLOB - Character Large Object

  36. CPU = Central Processing Unit

  37. RAM = Random Access Memory

  38. ROM = Read Only Memory

  39. PROM = Programmable Read Only Memory

  40. EPROM = Erasable PROM

  41. EEPROM = Electrically EPROM

  42. HDD = Hard Disk Drive

  43. CD-ROM - Compact Disc Read-Only Memory

  44. CD-RW - Compact Disc Re-Writable

  45. FDD = Floppy Disk Drive

  46. KBD = KeyBoard

  47. I/O = Input & Output.

  48. CAD - Computer-Aided Design

  49. Cc - Carbon Copy

  50. CD = Compact Disk

  51. DVD = Digital Video Disk

  52. SMPS = Switch Mode Power Supply

  53. POST = Power ON Self Test

  54. CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

  55. CMS - Content Management System

  56. BIOS = Basic Input Output System

  57. VDU = Visible Display Unit

  58. LED = Light Embedded Diode

  59. LCD = Liquid Crystal Display

  60. USB = Universal Serial Bus

  61. VGA = Video/Visual Graphic Adapter

  62. LAN = Local Area Network

  63. WAN = Wide Area Network

  64. MAN = Metropolitan Area Network

  65. HLL = High Level Language

  66. LLL = Low Level Language

  67. MIPS = Million of Instruction Per Second

  68. Mbps = Mega Bytes Per second

  69. Kbps = Kilo Bytes per second

  70. HTTP = Hyper Text Templates

  71. WWW = World Wide Web

  72. IP = Internet Protocol

  73. ISP = Internet Service Provider

Below are Computer Units to measure data size

  • 4 Bits = 1 Nibble

  • 8 Bits = 1 Byte

  • 1024 Bytes = 1 Kilo Byte ( KB )

  • 1024 KB = 1 Mega Byte ( MB )

  • 1024 MB = 1 Gyga Byte ( GB )

  • 1024 GB = 1 Tera Byte ( TB )

  • 1024 TB = 1 Peta Byte ( PB )

  • 1024 PB = 1 Exa Byte ( EB )

  • 1024 EB = 1 Zetta Byte ( ZB )

  • 1024 ZB = 1 Yotta Byte ( YB )


Part - II

• Al – Artificial intelligence


• ALGOL – Algorithimic Language


• ARP – Address resolution Protocol


• ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange


• BINAC - Binary Automatic Computer


• BCC – Blind Carbon Copy


• Bin – Binary


• BASIC - Beginner’s All-purpose Symbollic Instruction Code


• BIOS – Basic Input Output System


• Bit – Binary Digit


• BSNL – Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited


• CC – Carbon Copy


• CAD – Computer Aided Design


• COBOL – Common Business Oriented Language


• CD – Compact Disc


• CRT – Cathode Ray Tube


• CDR – Compact Disc Recordable


• CDROM – Compact Disc Read Only Memory


• CDRW – Compact Disc Rewritable


• CDR/W – Compact Disk Raed/Write


• DBA – Data Base Administrator


• DBMS – Data Base Management System


• DNS – Domain Name System


• DPI – Dots Per Inch


• DRAM – Dynamic Random Access Memory


• DVD – Digital Video Disc/Digital Versatile Disc


• DVDR – DVD Recordable


• DVDROM – DVD Read Only Memory


• DVDRW – DVD Rewritable


• DVR – Digital Video Recorder


• DOS – Disk Operating System


• EBCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Iterchange Code


• e-Commerce – Electronic Commerce


• EDP – Electronic Data Processing


• EEPROM – Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory


• ELM/e-Mail – Electronic Mail


• ENIAC - Electronic Numerical   Integrator and Computer


• EOF - End Of File


• EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory


• EXE - Executable


• FAX - Far Away Xerox/ facsimile


• FDC - Floppy Disk Controller


• FDD - Floppy Disk Drive


• FORTRAN - Formula Translation


• FS - File System


• FTP - File Transfer Protocol


• Gb - Gigabit


• GB - Gigabyte


• GIF - Graphics Interchange Format


• GSM -  Global System for Mobile Communication


• HDD - Hard Disk Drive


• HP - Hewlett Packard


• HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language


• HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol


• IBM - International Business Machine


• IM - Instant Message


• IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol


• ISP - Internet Service Provider


• JPEG - Joint Photographic Experts Group


• Kb - Kilobit


• KB - Kilobyte


• KHz - Kilohertz


• Kbps - Kilobit Per Second


• LCD – Liquid Crystal Display


• LED – Light Emitting Diode


• LPI – Lines Per Inch


• LIS – Large Scale Integration


• Mb – Megabit


• MB – Megabyte


• MPEG – Moving Picture Experts Group


• MMS – Multimedia Message Service


• MICR – Magnetic Ink Character reader


• MIPS – Million Instructions Per Second


• NIC – Network Interface Card


• NOS – Network Operating System


• OMR – Optical Mark Reader


• OOP – Object Oriented Programming


• OSS – Open Source Software


• PAN – Personal Area Network


• PC – Personal Computer


• PDA - Personal Digital Assistant


• PDF – Portable Document Format


• POS – Point Of Sale


• PNG - Portable Network Graphics


• PPM – Pages Per Minute


• PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol


• PROM – Programmable Read Only Memory


• PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network


• POST – Power On Self Test


• PING – Packet Internet Gopher


• RAM – Random Access Memory


• RDBMS – Relational Data Base Management System


• RIP – Routing Information Protocol


• RTF – Rich Text Format


• SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol


• SQL – Structured Query Language


• SRAM – Synchronous Random Access Memory


• SNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol


• SIM – Subscriber Identification Module


• TCP – Transmission Control Protocol


• TB – Tera Bytes


• UPS – Uninterrupted Power Supply


• URI – Uniform Resource Identifier


• URL – Uniform Resource Locator


• USB -  Uniform Serial Bus


• ULSI - Ultra Large Scale Integration


• UNIVAC - Universal Automatic Computer


• VAR – Variable


• VGA – Video Graphics Array


• VSNL – Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited


• VDU – Visual Display Unit


• Wi-Fi – Wireless Fidelity


• WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network


• WPA – Wi-Fi Protected Access


• WWW – World Wide Web


• WORM – Write Once Read Memory


• XHTML – eXtensible Hyper text Markup Languange


• XML -  eXtensible Markup language


• ZB – Zeta Byte

Read more Computer Awareness Study notes for Better Examination Score.


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