Saturday, 14 November 2015

Reasoning MCQS Test for IBPS/PO/SBI/Clerk/RBI/Specialist Officers Exam : Quiz - 40

Directions (1-5): Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statements. Read both the statements and decided which of the following answer choice correctly decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

Q.No.1)
A- major part of the sugarcane crop was affected by pests, resulting into huge loss incurred by the farmers in the state.
B- the farmer in the state who were cultivating sugarcane earlier have now switched over to grapes cultivation this year.
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statements (B) is its effect.
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statements (A) is the effect
(c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
(d) if both statement (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
(e) if both statements (A) and (B) are effect of some common causes.
 
Q.No.2)
A- there has been a high increase in the incidents of atrocities against women in the city during the past few months.
B- The police authority has been unable to nab the culprits who are committing crime against women.
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statements (B) is its effect.
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statements (A) is the effect
(c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
(d) if both statement (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
(e) if both statements (A) and (B) are effect of some common causes.

Q.No.3)
A- The government has recently fixed the fees for professional courses offered by the unaided institutions which are much lower than the fees charged last year.
B- The parents of the aspiring students launched a severe agitation last year protesting against the high fees charged by the unaided institutions.
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statements (B) is its effect.
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statements (A) is the effect
(c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
(d) if both statement (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
(e) if both statements (A) and (B) are effect of some common causes.

Q.No.4)
A- The prime minister has visited the drought-affected areas and promised government assistance to help the farmers.
B- A larger number of farmers in the drought-affected areas have been suffering due to drought situation and are unable to feed their family.
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statements (B) is its effect.
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statements (A) is the effect
(c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
(d) if both statement (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
(e) if both statements (A) and (B) are effect of some common causes.

Q.No.5)
A- All the lakes supplying water to the city started overflowing at the end of the second month of the monsoon.
B- the normal life in the city has been disrupted quite a few times in the first two months of the monsoon due to water-logging in various parts.
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statements (B) is its effect.
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statements (A) is the effect
(c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
(d) if both statement (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
(e) if both statements (A) and (B) are effect of some common causes.

Directions (6-10): In each questions below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A courses of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, ect. On the basis of the information given in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Now read the statements given in each of the following questions and the two courses of action given below it. Find out which of the courses of action logically follows from the given statements and answer accordingly.

Q.No.6)
Statements:
There has been unprecedented increased in the prices of essential commodities during the past few due to the strike call given by the transporters association.
Courses of action:
I. the government should immediately deploy the entire govt vehicle for movement of essential commodities to tide over the crisis.
II. The transports association should be persuaded to withdraw their strike call to bring normalcy to the supply of essential commodities.
(a) If only course of action I follows
(b) If only course of action II follows
(c) If either I or II follows
(d) If neither I or II follows
(e) If both I and II follows

Q.No.7)
Statements:
There have been many instances of dacoit and looting in many passenger trains this year.
Courses of action:
I. the railway authority should immediately deploy one policeman in each compartment in all the passenger trains.
II. The passengers travelling by train should be given training on how to tackle with the dacoits and looters.
(a) If only course of action I follows
(b) If only course of action II follows
(c) If either I or II follows
(d) If neither I or II follows
(e) If both I and II follows

Q.No.8)
Statements:
Many villages in the district have been washed away by the flood water, rendering all the villagers without food and shelter.
Courses of action:
I. The district administration should immediately send relief team with food and other supplies to the affected areas.
II. The people living in the neighbouring villages should be evacuated to safer places.
(a) If only course of action I follows
(b) If only course of action II follows
(c) If either I or II follows
(d) If neither I or II follows
(e) If both I and II follows

Q.No.9)
Statements:
A large number of students have been caught using unfair means during the final- year degree examinations.
Courses of action:
I. All these students should be debarred permanently from appearing for any examination conducted by the authority.
II. The guardians of these students should be called by the authority to inform them at any such behaviour in future will not be tolerated.
(a) If only course of action I follows
(b) If only course of action II follows
(c) If either I or II follows
(d) If neither I or II follows
(e) If both I and II follows

Q.No.10)
Statements:
A large numbers of engineering graduates in the country are not in a position to have gainful employment at present and the number of such engineers is likely to grow in the future.
Courses of action:
I. the government should launch attractive employment generation schemes and encourage these graduates to pot for such schemes to use their expertise and knowledge effectively.
II. This happened due to proliferation of engineering collage in the country and there by lowered the quality of the engineering graduates. Those collages which are not equipped to impart quality education should be closed down immediately.
(a) If only course of action I follows
(b) If only course of action II follows
(c) If either I or II follows
(d) If neither I or II follows
(e) If both I and II follows


Answers:
1 (a)             2 (b)             3 (b)             4 (b)             5 (e)
6 (b)             7 (d)             8 (e)             9 (4)             10 (d)

Explanations:
1) Here A is the cause and B is its effect. Farmers do not want to incur any loss further. Hence the reason which led farmers to switch over o another crop is obvious.
2) A crime has a direct relationship with the condition of law and order. Incidents of crime increase if the condition of low and order is not up to make. Hence, a is the effect of the cause B
3) The tense of both the statements implies that the events mentioned in B happened before A- Through an intuitive look we come to know that A is an initiative taken by the government with a view to the people concern described in B- Hence, B is the cause and A is effect.
4) See the words have and have been in the statements A and B respectively from this words we get that B happened before A- Now why did the PM give such an assurance? The answer lies in the event mentioned in the statements B Hence , A is the effect and B is its cause.
5) Both the events are the effects of a common cause, ie heavy rain in the city.
6 I seems to be advisable as a short-term solution. II advisable as a long term solution. But note the word all. Deploying all vehicles is not a pragmatic potion. Hence I does not follow. It will be helped in reducing any such possibilities in the near future. Hence, both I and II are advisable.
7) I is not practical because of the lack of police personal. II is ridiculous.
8) I is advisable because the team with relief package will be helpful for the people in distress. II is advisable because shelter is also a problem.
9) I is a stern action. It may ruin the future of many students. Hence I is not advisable because a student appearing in a final-year degree examination is mature enough to follow the instructions given by the authority. Hence, there is no need to call their parents.
10) I is not a viable option. The government is not in a position to pamper the engineers thus. II is an advisable option but the word immediately creates a problem. Some through should be give to the process. A better idea would be to warn the colleges and give them the massage of perform or perish.

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