Monday, 30 November 2015

Important Points : About NITI Aayog

NITI (National institution for transforming India) Aayog
As we all know India had replaced planning commission with a new organization known as National institution for transforming India or NITI Aayog for this Indian government issued a resolution on 1st January 2015 and gave details of the new body.

The institutional framework of Indian government had developed and matured over the past few years. This had allowed the development of various domain expertise which gives us the chance to increase the specificity of functions given to the organization. Seeing the present planning process, there’s a desperate desire to separate as well as energize the distinct process of governance from the strategy of governance.

In relation to the context of governance structures and the tough competition what India is facing from China and the United State, Indian was sure of establishing an organization that serves as a think tank for Indian government – a directional and policy generator according to the present scenario and looking the future prospects for the development of the country. The proposed institution is going to provide government at the central and state levels with relevant strategic and technical recommendation across the spectrum of key elements of policy for the betterment of community. This Aayog will work on matters of national and international importance on the economic platform and infrastructure, the infusion of new policy ideas and specific issue-based support, dissemination of best practices from in the country as well as from other nations.

An important evolutionary and real time modification from the past will be replacing a centre-to-state or one-way flow of policy by a genuine and continued partnership with the states on an electronic platform. The institution will have the mandatory resources like knowledge, skills and, ability to act with speed to provide the strategic policy vision for the government as well as contend with contingent issues.

Facing tough competition from the whole world India really needs a model that will work on social , economic and cultural front , for this India needs its own strategy for growth and this institution has to zero in on what will work in and for the Nation . It is going to be a totally Bharatiya approach to development.

Objectives of NITI Aayog

The institution will work as a bridge between state and central government for the development of the people on the basis of knowledge, technical skills, health facilities, economic growth and collaboration between organised and unorganised sector , along with these the NITI Aayog will work towards the following objectives:

1. NITI Aayog will play a important role in creating a vision of national development priorities, sectors and techniques with the active involvement of States in the light of national objectives with respect to national development along with this NITI Aayog have a wide vision that will provide a framework ‘national agenda’ for the Prime Minister and the Chief Ministers of particular states to provide impetus to.

2. NITI Aayog will develop mechanisms to formulate credible plans at the village level and aggregate these plans progressively at higher levels of government in each state.

3. NITI Aayog will provide growth of cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous and progressive basis, with a motto that strong States create a powerful nation.

4. To ensure all areas that are specifically referred to it and have the interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy of each state along with the central government.

5. To design and implement strategic and long run policy and program frameworks and initiatives, and monitor their progress and their efficacy. The lessons learnt through monitoring and feedback will be used for making innovative improvements, including necessary mid-course corrections.

6. To provide special attention to the sections of our society that will be at risk of not benefiting adequately from economic progress.

7. To provide recommendation and encourage partnerships between key stakeholders and national and international like-minded think Tanks, as well as educational and policy research institutions.

8. To offer a platform for resolution of inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues in order to accelerate the implementation of the development agenda.

9. To create a knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurial support system through a collaborative community of national and international experts, practitioners and other partners.

10. To actively monitor and evaluate the implementation of program and initiatives, including the identification of the needed resources so as to strengthen the probability of success and scope of delivery.

11. To maintain a state-of-the-art Resource Centre, be a repository of research on good governance and best practices in sustainable and equitable development as well as help their dissemination to stake-holders.

12. To focus on technology up gradation and capability building for implementation of program and initiatives.

13. To undertake other activities as may be necessary in order to further the execution of the national development agenda, and the objectives mentioned above.

The NITI Aayog will comprise the following:

(A) Prime Minister of India as the chairman

(B) Governing Council comprising the Chief Ministers of all the States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories

(C) Regional Councils will be formed to address specific problems and contingencies impacting more than one state or a region. These will be formed for a specified tenure. The Regional Councils will be convened by the Prime Minister and will comprise of the Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories within the region. These will be chaired by the chairman of the NITI Aayog or his nominee.

(D) Experts, specialists and practitioners with relevant domain knowledge as special invitees nominated by the Prime Minister The full-time organizational framework will comprise of, in addition to the Prime Minister as the Chairperson:

(E) Vice-Chairperson: To be appointed by the Prime Minister

(F) Members: full-time

(G) Part-time members: maximum of two from leading universities research organizations and other relevant establishments in an ex-officio capability. Part time members will be on a rotational basis. Ex Officio members: maximum of four members of the Union Council of Ministers to be nominated by the Prime Minister.

(H) Chief executive officer : To be appointed by the Prime Minister for a fixed tenure, in the rank of Secretary to the govt. of India.

(I) Secretariat as deemed necessary.

Also read :

India General Knowledge Questions and Answers for Government Competitive PSC's Examination

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