Wednesday, 4 November 2015

IBPS English Language Notes (Topic : Verbs)

1. A Verb says something about a person or thing.
2. Verbs are divided into three different kinds : --

3. Tenses of Verbs

Types of Verb-
(I) Transitive Verbs
(II) Intransitive Verbs
(III) Auxiliary Verbs

(I) Transitive Verbs
A Transitive  Verb requires an object to complete its meaning.
Examples : --
a. The hunter killed a bear.
b. The scholar learned his lesson.
In ( a ) " bear " is the object of " killed ".
In ( b ) " lesson " is the object of " learned ".
Transitive Verb has two voice : --
a  The Active voice
b. The Passive voice
Note : - An Intransitive verb from its nature cannot have voices.

(II) Intransitive Verbs
An Intransitive Verb does not require an object to complete its meaning.
Examples : --
( a ) He sleeps
( b ) We go.

No object can come after such verbs as " sleep ", " go " etc

(III) Auxiliary Verbs
An Auxiliary Verb is used to help an other verb.
( a ) I shall go.
( b ) We have come.
Note : A verb that is helped by an auxiliary verb is called a Principal verb

In a " shall " is an auxilizry verb used to help the verb " go " to form a future time.
In b. " have " is an auxiliary verb used to help the verb " come " to express a time partly past and partly present.

3. Tenses of Verbs

1. Tense denotes the time of an action or its completeness.
2. There are three tenses : --
 (i)  the Present Tense
 (ii)  the Past Tense
 (iii) the Future Tense

The Present Tense denotes 
present time.

I walk
You walk.
He walks.

The Past Tense denotes past time.
I walked.
You walked.
He walked.

The Future Tense denotes future time.
I shall walk.
You will walk.
He will walk.

We walk.
You walk.
They walk.

We walked.
You walked.
They walked.

We shall walk.
You will walk.
They will walk.

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