**1.**Alfred buys an old scooter for Rs. 4700 and spends Rs. 800 on its repairs. If he sells the scooter for Rs. 5800, his gain percent is:

A. 32/7%

B. 60/11%

C. 10%

D. 12%

**2.**In a certain store, the profit is 320% of the cost. If the cost increases by 25% but the selling price remains constant, approximately what percentage of the selling price is the profit?

A. 30%

B. 70%

C. 100%

D. 250%

**3.**A vendor bought toffees at 6 for a rupee. How many for a rupee must he sell to gain 20%?

A. 3

B. 4

C. 5

D. 6

**4.**On selling 17 balls at Rs. 720, there is a loss equal to the cost price of 5 balls. The cost price of a ball is:

A. Rs. 45

B. Rs. 50

C. Rs. 55

D. Rs. 60

**5.**A trader mixes 26 kg of rice at Rs. 20 per kg with 30 kg of rice of other variety at Rs. 36 per kg and sells the mixture at Rs. 30 per kg. His profit percent is:

A. No profit, no loss

B. 5%

C. 8%

D. 10%

E. None of these

**6.**A man buys a cycle for Rs. 1400 and sells it at a loss of 15%. What is the selling price of the cycle?

A. Rs. 1090

B. Rs. 1160

C. Rs. 1190

D. Rs. 1202

**7.**Sam purchased 20 dozens of toys at the rate of Rs. 375 per dozen. He sold each one of them at the rate of Rs. 33. What was his percentage profit?

A. 3.5

B. 4.5

C. 5.6

D. 6.5

**8.**Some articles were bought at 6 articles for Rs. 5 and sold at 5 articles for Rs. 6. Gain percent is:

A. 30%

B. 100/3%

C. 35%

D. 44%

**9.**A shopkeeper expects a gain of 22.5% on his cost price. If in a week, his sale was of Rs. 392, what was his profit?

A. Rs. 18.20

B. Rs. 70

C. Rs. 72

D. Rs. 88.25

**10.**The cost price of 20 articles is the same as the selling price of x articles. If the profit is 25%, then the value of x is:

A. 15

B. 16

C. 18

D. 25

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**ANSWERS:**

1. B

Explanation:

Cost Price (C.P.) = Rs. (4700 + 800) = Rs. 5500.

Selling Price (S.P.) = Rs. 5800

Gain = (S.P.) - (C.P.) = Rs.(5800 - 5500) = Rs. 300.

Gain % = (300 x 100)X5500 = 60/11%

Explanation:

Cost Price (C.P.) = Rs. (4700 + 800) = Rs. 5500.

Selling Price (S.P.) = Rs. 5800

Gain = (S.P.) - (C.P.) = Rs.(5800 - 5500) = Rs. 300.

Gain % = (300 x 100)X5500 = 60/11%

2. B

Explanation:

Let C.P.= Rs. 100. Then, Profit = Rs. 320, S.P. = Rs. 420.

New C.P. = 125% of Rs. 100 = Rs. 125

New S.P. = Rs. 420.

Profit = Rs. (420 - 125) = Rs. 295.

Required percentage = (295 x 100)420 % = 1475/21% = 70% (approximately)

Explanation:

Let C.P.= Rs. 100. Then, Profit = Rs. 320, S.P. = Rs. 420.

New C.P. = 125% of Rs. 100 = Rs. 125

New S.P. = Rs. 420.

Profit = Rs. (420 - 125) = Rs. 295.

Required percentage = (295 x 100)420 % = 1475/21% = 70% (approximately)

3.C

Explanation:

C.P. of 6 toffees = Re. 1

S.P. of 6 toffees = 120% of Re. 1 = Rs. 6/5

For Rs. 6/5 , toffees sold = 6.

For Re. 1, toffees sold = (6 x 5)/5 = 5

Explanation:

C.P. of 6 toffees = Re. 1

S.P. of 6 toffees = 120% of Re. 1 = Rs. 6/5

For Rs. 6/5 , toffees sold = 6.

For Re. 1, toffees sold = (6 x 5)/5 = 5

4.D

Explanation:

(C.P. of 17 balls) - (S.P. of 17 balls) = (C.P. of 5 balls)

C.P. of 12 balls = S.P. of 17 balls = Rs.720.

C.P. of 1 ball = Rs.720/12 = Rs. 60

Explanation:

(C.P. of 17 balls) - (S.P. of 17 balls) = (C.P. of 5 balls)

C.P. of 12 balls = S.P. of 17 balls = Rs.720.

C.P. of 1 ball = Rs.720/12 = Rs. 60

5. B

Explanation:

C.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (26 x 20 + 30 x 36) = Rs. (520 + 1080) = Rs. 1600.

S.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (56 x 30) = Rs. 1680.

Gain = (80 x 100)/1600 % = 5%

Explanation:

C.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (26 x 20 + 30 x 36) = Rs. (520 + 1080) = Rs. 1600.

S.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (56 x 30) = Rs. 1680.

Gain = (80 x 100)/1600 % = 5%

6. C

Explanation:

S.P. = 85% of Rs. 1400 = Rs.(85 x 1400)/100 = Rs. 1190

Explanation:

S.P. = 85% of Rs. 1400 = Rs.(85 x 1400)/100 = Rs. 1190

7. C

Explanation:

Cost Price of 1 toy = Rs. 375/12 = Rs. 31.25

Selling Price of 1 toy = Rs. 33

So, Gain = Rs. (33 - 31.25) = Rs. 1.75

Profit % = (1.75 x 100)/31.25 % = 28/5 % = 5.6%

Explanation:

Cost Price of 1 toy = Rs. 375/12 = Rs. 31.25

Selling Price of 1 toy = Rs. 33

So, Gain = Rs. (33 - 31.25) = Rs. 1.75

Profit % = (1.75 x 100)/31.25 % = 28/5 % = 5.6%

8. D

Explanation:

Suppose, number of articles bought = L.C.M. of 6 and 5 = 30.

C.P. of 30 articles = Rs. (5 x 30)/6 = Rs. 25

S.P. of 30 articles = Rs. (6 x 30)/5 = Rs. 36

Gain % = (11 x 100)/25 % = 44%

Explanation:

Suppose, number of articles bought = L.C.M. of 6 and 5 = 30.

C.P. of 30 articles = Rs. (5 x 30)/6 = Rs. 25

S.P. of 30 articles = Rs. (6 x 30)/5 = Rs. 36

Gain % = (11 x 100)/25 % = 44%

9.C

Explanation:

C.P. = Rs. (100 x 392)/122.5 = Rs. (1000 x 392)/1225 = Rs. 320

Profit = Rs. (392 - 320) = Rs. 72

Explanation:

C.P. = Rs. (100 x 392)/122.5 = Rs. (1000 x 392)/1225 = Rs. 320

Profit = Rs. (392 - 320) = Rs. 72

10. B

Explanation:

Let C.P. of each article be Re. 1 C.P. of x articles = Rs. x.

S.P. of x articles = Rs. 20.

Profit = Rs. (20 - x)

(20 - x)x x 100 = 25

2000 - 100x = 25x

125x = 2000

x = 16

Explanation:

Let C.P. of each article be Re. 1 C.P. of x articles = Rs. x.

S.P. of x articles = Rs. 20.

Profit = Rs. (20 - x)

(20 - x)x x 100 = 25

2000 - 100x = 25x

125x = 2000

x = 16

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