MM Team Friends, Now a days, almost every competitive exam asking reading comprehension questions. In these type of questions, they will give you a passage / comprehension and will ask you to read that and answer the questions followed by that passage. Actually this Reading Comprehension section is designed to test the ability of the student to read a passage and understand its contents and his ability to draw inferences on the basis of what is read. In simple words, the student's ability to grasp the contents of the passage in a relatively short span of time is what is being tested.
The Student is expected to read the given passage, understand its contents well and answer the questions given at the end of the passage. All this to be completed in the limited time that is given.
There are two important skills you should develop to do well in reading comprehension. Those are,
=>>Understanding of the Passage
Lets have a look at each of them individually to get a clear understanding, before we get into the techniques of attempting Reading Comprehension.
The reading skill cant be evaluated on a number of words per minute scale, but reading rate can definitely be measured.
A person who can read faster can answer more number of questions in the given time than a person with slower reading speed, Other things remaining the same. It is this reading rate or your speed of reading that you have to aim at improving. There is no overnight solution to this. Constant and extensive reading will improve your reading rate. Check your reading speed today (take any passage, count the number of words, clock the time taken by you to read it and calculate the speed in words per minute) and keep a record of it. Then, keep checking your speed regularly and tabulate the same. Check whether your speed has increased over time with practice. However, do not become complacent if your speed has increased.
This brings us to the second point.. i.e., understanding of the passage. A person may be able to read the passage much faster than others but if he is not able to answer the questions pertaining to the passage, then the speed is of no use at all. it is very essential to grasp the meaning of the passage while reading. While you are reading, you should constantly think, evaluate, reason out, judge and co relate with what has already been read.
A good vocabulary would enable you understand the nuances and grasp the meaning of various issues discussed in the passage. While an attempt can be made at pointing out various categories of questions that may be asked and give a variety of tips, you will basically have to draw on the resources built by wide and extensive reading and rely on your own vocabulary. No training will possible regarding understanding and analyzing the problem. However, we are going to take you through an extensive set of tests followed by this article to ensure that you get thorough practice in Comprehension Reading.
In addition to good vocabulary, also needed is the ability to zero in on the central theme of the passage.
This can be developed with extensive reading practice as well as proper concentration at the time of reading the passage.
You should also consciously develop the habit of correlating each new sentence read with the part of the passage already read and mentally form a linkage of all ideas expressed in the passage while simultaneously weeding out redundant statements.
The passage given in competitive exams (especially for bank exams)
do not conform to any standards as regards the subject matter or the length of the passage.
While the subjects covered can be as wide ranging as Economy, Sciences (like Botany, Zoology, Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy), Social Sciences (like Psychology, History, Politics, Sociology), Humanities (like Literature, Art, Music) or Current Topics (Social, Political, Economical),
the student is not expected to have any prior knowledge of the topics given.
The passages will sometimes be very complex in nature while others will be simple in nature and easy to understand.
Article by : Surendra Jangid (English Lecturer Edu. Dept. Rajasthan Govt.)
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